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Market reforms and determinants of import natural gas prices in China


  • Wang, Tiantian
  • Zhang, Dayong
  • Ji, Qiang
  • Shi, Xunpeng


We use a time series approach to investigate the determinants of import natural gas prices in China with the aim to understand the impact of its natural gas market reform and liberalisation. We pay special attention to the impacts on import liquefied natural gas (LNG) and pipeline gas prices. The liberalisation of the domestic natural gas market and the reformation of pricing mechanisms in the country have caused systemic structural changes. Our results provide clear evidence of a slow but steady departure from oil indexation, in which China’s import gas prices are increasingly affected by market fundamentals such as economic growth, climate factors, policies and other market factors. The empirical results provide supporting evidence to further market reform in China. Moreover, we can generalise the present study to the development of East Asian natural gas price benchmarks. It is important for China and the East Asian region to develop their own natural gas price benchmarks that better reflect regional market fundamentals.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Tiantian & Zhang, Dayong & Ji, Qiang & Shi, Xunpeng, 2020. "Market reforms and determinants of import natural gas prices in China," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 196(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:196:y:2020:i:c:s0360544220302127
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    Cited by:

    1. Ningxuan Guo & Yinan Wang & Gangfeng Yan & Jian Hou, 2020. "Non-Cooperative Game in Block Bidding Markets Considering Demand Response," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(13), pages 1-18, June.

    More about this item


    Market reform; Natural gas; Import gas; Oil indexation; Pricing reform; China;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • Q31 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy


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