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Positive welfare effects of trade barriers in a dynamic partial equilibrium model

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  • Tuinstra, Jan
  • Wegener, Michael
  • Westerhoff, Frank

Abstract

We develop a simple two-region, cobweb-type dynamic partial equilibrium model to demonstrate the existence of optimal, possibly non-zero, trade barriers. A pure comparative statics analysis of our model suggests that a reduction of trade barriers, modeled as small but positive import tariffs, always enhances welfare. However, taking a dynamic perspective reveals that nonlinear trade interactions between two regions may generate endogenous price fluctuations which can hamper welfare. Finally, we allow special interest groups, such as consumers or producers from these two regions, to lobby for a particular level of trade barriers. Our model predicts that time-varying trade barriers may be another channel for market instability.

Suggested Citation

  • Tuinstra, Jan & Wegener, Michael & Westerhoff, Frank, 2014. "Positive welfare effects of trade barriers in a dynamic partial equilibrium model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 246-264.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:48:y:2014:i:c:p:246-264
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2014.06.015
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:bla:reviec:v:26:y:2018:i:3:p:691-708 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Schmitt, Noemi & Westerhoff, Frank, 2015. "Managing rational routes to randomness," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 157-173.
    3. Schmitt, Noemi & Tuinstra, Jan & Westerhoff, Frank, 2017. "Side effects of nonlinear profit taxes in an evolutionary market entry model: Abrupt changes, coexisting attractors and hysteresis problems," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 15-38.
    4. Dieci, Roberto & Schmitt, Noemi & Westerhoff, Frank, 2018. "Interactions between stock, bond and housing markets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 43-70.
    5. Noemi Schmitt & Jan Tuinstra & Frank Westerhoff, 2018. "Stability and welfare effects of profit taxes within an evolutionary market interaction model," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(3), pages 691-708, August.
    6. repec:eee:dyncon:v:91:y:2018:i:c:p:21-42 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cobweb dynamics; Market interactions; Optimal trade barriers; Welfare analysis; Political economy of trade barriers;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation

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