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Demographic structure and capital accumulation: A quantitative assessment

  • Lau, Sau-Him Paul
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    In a recent paper, d'Albis [2007. Demographic structure and capital accumulation. Journal of Economic Theory 132, 411-434] shows that the effect of population growth on capital accumulation is ambiguous in overlapping-generations models with age-specific mortality rates, contrasting to the predicted negative effect in Diamond [1965. National debt in a neoclassical growth model. American Economic Review 55, 1126-1150] and Blanchard [1985. Debt, deficits, and finite horizons. Journal of Political Economy 93, 223-247]. The quantitative exercises of this paper indicate that while in principle a positive relation between population growth and capital accumulation is possible, this relation is practically always negative for industrial countries. Intuition based on capital dilution and aggregate saving effects is provided. This paper also complements d'Albis [2007. Demographic structure and capital accumulation. Journal of Economic Theory 132, 411-434] in characterizing the steady-state equilibrium in more familiar economic concepts.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 (March)
    Pages: 554-567

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:33:y:2009:i:3:p:554-567
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    1. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Rick Mansfield & Michael Moore, 2006. "Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, and Savings," NBER Working Papers 12621, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Andrew B. Abel, 2003. "The Effects of a Baby Boom on Stock Prices and Capital Accumulation in the Presence of Social Security," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(2), pages 551-578, March.
    3. Barro, Robert J & Mankiw, N Gregory & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1995. "Capital Mobility in Neoclassical Models of Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(1), pages 103-15, March.
    4. Olivier J. Blanchard, 1984. "Debt, Deficits and Finite Horizons," NBER Working Papers 1389, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. An, Chong-Bum & Jeon, Seung-Hoon, 2006. "Demographic change and economic growth: An inverted-U shape relationship," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 92(3), pages 447-454, September.
    6. Kelley, Allen C. & Schmidt, Robert M., 1995. "Aggregate Population and Economic Growth Correlations: The Role of the Components of Demographic Change," Working Papers 95-37, Duke University, Department of Economics.
    7. Antoine Bommier & Ronald D. Lee, 2003. "Overlapping generations models with realistic demography," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 135-160, 02.
    8. Eytan Sheshinski, 2007. "The Economic Theory of Annuities," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 8536, April.
    9. James M. Poterba, 2001. "Demographic Structure And Asset Returns," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(4), pages 565-584, November.
    10. King, Robert G. & Plosser, Charles I. & Rebelo, Sergio T., 1988. "Production, growth and business cycles : I. The basic neoclassical model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2-3), pages 195-232.
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