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The macroeconomic effects of quantitative easing in the euro area: Evidence from an estimated DSGE model

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  • Hohberger, Stefan
  • Priftis, Romanos
  • Vogel, Lukas

Abstract

This paper estimates an open-economy dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model with Bayesian techniques to provide a structural empirical evaluation of the macroeconomic effects of the European Central Bank's (ECB's) quantitative easing (QE) programme. Allowing for cross-border holding of government debt and using data on government debt stocks and yields across maturities, we identify the parameters governing portfolio rebalancing in the private sector. We rely on a methodological extension that measures the non-linear contribution of QE in shock decompositions under an occasionally binding constraint (zero lower bound). Our results suggest an average contribution of ECB QE to annual Euro Area GDP growth and CPI inflation in 2015–18 of 0.3 and 0.5 percentage points, respectively, with a maximum impact in 2016.

Suggested Citation

  • Hohberger, Stefan & Priftis, Romanos & Vogel, Lukas, 2019. "The macroeconomic effects of quantitative easing in the euro area: Evidence from an estimated DSGE model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:108:y:2019:i:c:s0165188919301538
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2019.103756
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    Keywords

    Bayesian estimation; Open-economy DSGE model; Portfolio rebalancing; Quantitative easing; Zero lower bound;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E53 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Deposit Insurance
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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