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International spillovers of quantitative easing

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  • Kolasa, Marcin
  • Wesołowski, Grzegorz

Abstract

This paper develops a two-country model with asset market segmentation to investigate the effects of quantitative easing implemented by the major central banks on a typical small open economy that follows independent monetary policy. The model is able to replicate the key empirical facts on emerging countries’ response to large scale asset purchases conducted abroad, including inflow of capital to local sovereign bond markets and an increase in international comovement of term premia. According to our simulations, quantitative easing abroad boosts domestic demand in the small economy, but undermines its international competitiveness and depresses aggregate output, at least in the short run. This is in contrast to conventional monetary easing in the large economy, which has positive spillovers to output in other countries. We also find that limiting these spillovers might require policies that affect directly international capital flows, like imposing capital controls or mimicking quantitative easing abroad by purchasing local long-term bonds. JEL Classification: E44, E52, F41

Suggested Citation

  • Kolasa, Marcin & Wesołowski, Grzegorz, 2018. "International spillovers of quantitative easing," Working Paper Series 2172, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20182172
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    2. Hohberger, Stefan & Priftis, Romanos & Vogel, Lukas, 2019. "The macroeconomic effects of quantitative easing in the euro area: Evidence from an estimated DSGE model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    3. Hsu, Feng-Jui & Chen, Sheng-Hung, 2021. "US quantitative easing and firm’s default risk: The role of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 650-664.
    4. Margaux MacDonald & Michał Ksawery Popiel, 2020. "Unconventional Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 31(5), pages 1061-1115, November.
    5. Serdar Kabaca & Kerem Tuzcuoglu, 2022. "International Transmission of Quantitative Easing Policies: Evidence from Canada," Staff Working Papers 22-30, Bank of Canada.
    6. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Timothy P. Jackson & Luiz Pereira da Silva, 2020. "Cross-Border Regulatory Spillovers and Macroprudential Policy Coordination," Working Papers 202028, University of Liverpool, Department of Economics.
    7. Beniak, Patrycja, 2019. "The emerging market reaction to Fed tightening," MPRA Paper 96545, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 29 Oct 2019.
    8. Di Casola, Paola & Stockhammar, Pär, 2021. "When domestic and foreign QE overlap: evidence from Sweden," Working Paper Series 404, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    9. Marcin Dec, 2021. "Parsimonious yield curve modeling in less liquid markets," GRAPE Working Papers 52, GRAPE Group for Research in Applied Economics.
    10. Serdar Kabaca & Renske Maas & Kostas Mavromatis & Romanos Priftis, 2020. "Optimal quantitative easing in a monetary union," Working Papers 697, DNB.
    11. Broner, Fernando & Martin, Alberto & Pandolfi, Lorenzo & Williams, Tomas, 2021. "Winners and losers from sovereign debt inflows," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).
    12. Luigi Bonatti & Andrea Fracasso & Roberto Tamborini, 2021. "Monetary and Fiscal Spillovers Across the Atlantic: The Role of Financial Markets," DEM Working Papers 2021/09, Department of Economics and Management.
    13. Lakdawala, Aeimit & Moreland, Timothy & Schaffer, Matthew, 2021. "The international spillover effects of US monetary policy uncertainty," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    14. Aliaga, Augusto, 2020. "Reglas de política monetaria para una economía abierta con fricciones financieras: Un enfoque Bayesiano [Monetary policy rules for an open economy with financial frictions: A Bayesian approach]," MPRA Paper 100604, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Mitsuru Katagiri & Koji Takahashi, 2017. "Do Term Premiums Matter? Transmission via Exchange Rate Dynamics," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 17-E-7, Bank of Japan.
    16. Aliaga Miranda, Augusto, 2020. "Monetary policy rules for an open economy with financial frictions: A Bayesian approach," Dynare Working Papers 62, CEPREMAP.
    17. Inoue, Tomoo & Okimoto, Tatsuyoshi, 2022. "International spillover effects of unconventional monetary policies of major central banks," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).
    18. Stephanos Papadamou & Nikolaos A. Kyriazis & Panayiotis G. Tzeremes, 2019. "Spillover Effects of US QE and QE Tapering on African and Middle Eastern Stock Indices," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 12(2), pages 1-20, April.
    19. Metzger, Martina & Young, Brigitte, 2020. "No gender please, we're central bankers: Distributional impacts of quantitative easing," IPE Working Papers 136/2020, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE).
    20. Dimitris Malliaropulos & Petros Migiakis, 2022. "A global monetary policy factor in sovereign bond yields," Working Papers 301, Bank of Greece.
    21. Joscha Beckmann & Robert L. Czudaj, 2020. "Professional forecasters' expectations, consistency, and international spillovers," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 39(7), pages 1001-1024, November.
    22. Kuan-Chieh Chen, 2022. "The Spillover Effects of US Unconventional Monetary Policy on the Taiwanese Economy," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 12(2), pages 104-109, March.
    23. Maciej Stefański, 2021. "Macroeconomic Effects of Quantitative Easing Using Mid-sized Bayesian Vector Autoregressions," Working Papers 2021-068, Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of Economic Analysis.
    24. Ledóchowski, Michał & Żuk, Piotr, 2022. "What drives portfolio capital inflows into emerging market economies? The role of the Fed's and ECB's balance sheet policies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(PB).
    25. Nao Sudo & Masaki Tanaka, 2018. "Do Market Segmentation and Preferred Habitat Theories Hold in Japan? : Quantifying Stock and Flow Effects of Bond Purchases," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 18-E-16, Bank of Japan.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bond market segmentation; international spillovers; quantitative easing; term premia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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