A century of economic growth in Latin America
This paper makes a contribution to the study of economic growth in developing countries by analyzing the six largest Latin American economies over 105Â years within a two-equation framework. Confirming previous findings, physical and human capital prove to be key determinants of GDP per head growth. However, a more controversial result is an overall negative conditional correlation between trade openness and GDP per head growth -- though openness has a positive link via investment. The evidence also shows that macroeconomic instability has been a drag on long-term growth in the region.
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