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Switching to bonds when loans are scarce: Evidence from four U.S. crises

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  • Goel, Manisha
  • Zemel, Michelle

Abstract

To what extent do public firms switch to bonds when bank credit supply falls, and how do their real outcomes compare to those of other firms? Examining four U.S. crises during 1988–2011 shows that only 8.4% of debt-receiving firms broke their reliance on loans and switched to bonds. These were high quality firms that, despite incurring large costs, did not suffer significantly more in output, investment, and employment than predominantly bond-issuing firms. Most firms either received loans, or no debt, and fared significantly worse. Thus, public firms do not widely substitute bonds for loans, remaining vulnerable to bank health fluctuations.

Suggested Citation

  • Goel, Manisha & Zemel, Michelle, 2018. "Switching to bonds when loans are scarce: Evidence from four U.S. crises," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1-27.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:52:y:2018:i:c:p:1-27
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2018.05.006
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    Cited by:

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    3. Teplova, Tamara & Galenskaya, Kristina & Teplov, Andrey, 2018. "Real and pseudo enter to the bond market in Russia. In search of the determinants," Applied Econometrics, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), vol. 52, pages 22-45.
    4. Drago, Danilo & Gallo, Raffaele, 2020. "The impact of financial crises on the syndicated loan spreads applied to public and private firms," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 46(C).
    5. Lucio Masserini & Matilde Bini & Alessandro Zeli, 2021. "A Longitudinal Analysis of Riskiness Indicators After the 2008 and 2011 Economic Crises: The Case of Italian Manufacturing," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 156(2), pages 499-513, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial crises; Corporate finance; Banks; Bonds; Employment; Output; Investment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General

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