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From Wall Street to main street: the impact of the financial crisis on consumer credit supply

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  • Rodney Ramcharan
  • Skander J. van den Heuvel
  • Stephane Verani

Abstract

This paper studies how the collapse of the asset backed securities (ABS) market during the financial crisis of 2007-2009 affected the supply of credit to the broader economy using a new dataset that describes unique interbank relationships within the credit union industry. This industry is important for consumer finance, and we find that ABS related losses at correspondent credit unions are associated with a large contraction in the supply of consumer credit and a hoarding of cash among downstream credit unions. We also find that this contraction in credit supply was concentrated among downstream credit unions that began the crisis with lower capital asset ratios, and that it may have amplified the initial decline in house prices. These results suggest that capital regulation might shape the ability of financial institutions to transmit securities price volatility onto the real economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodney Ramcharan & Skander J. van den Heuvel & Stephane Verani, 2013. "From Wall Street to main street: the impact of the financial crisis on consumer credit supply," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-10, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2013-10
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Foley-Fisher, Nathan & Ramcharan, Rodney & Yu, Edison, 2016. "The impact of unconventional monetary policy on firm financing constraints: Evidence from the maturity extension program," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 409-429.
    2. Berrospide, Jose M. & Herrerias, Renata, 2015. "Finance companies in Mexico: Unexpected victims of the global liquidity crunch," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 33-54.
    3. Ramcharan, Rodney & Rajan, Raghuram G., 2014. "Financial Fire Sales: Evidence from Bank Failures," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-67, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    4. Rajan, Raghuram & Ramcharan, Rodney, 2016. "Local financial capacity and asset values: Evidence from bank failures," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(2), pages 229-251.
    5. John Cotter & Mark Hallam & Kamil Yilmaz, 2017. "Mixed-Frequency Macro-Financial Spillovers," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1704, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    6. DiMaggio, Marco & Kermani, Amir & Ramcharan, Rodney & Yu, Edison, 2017. "Household Credit and Local Economic Uncertainty," Working Papers 17-21, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    7. Meisenzahl, Ralf R., 2014. "Verifying the state of financing constraints: Evidence from U.S. business credit contracts," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 58-77.
    8. Eunice Tamoh Anu, 2016. "Investigating the Effectiveness of Mortgage Demand and the Significant Level of the Changes: Evidence from the Intervention of the Financial Crisis," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 6(4), pages 136-154, April.

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