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Investment timing decisions of managers under endogenous contracts

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  • Hori, Keiichi
  • Osano, Hiroshi

Abstract

This paper considers what kind of managerial compensation contract is optimal for mitigating the moral hazard decision regarding investment timing. We examine the situation where the personal objectives of managers do not align with those of shareholders and where there is the possibility of project liquidation but where managerial compensation is endogenously determined. Using a real options approach, we show that restricted stock is optimal relative to stock options under various circumstances. However, we also suggest that stock options are more likely to be used instead of, or in addition to, restricted stock in firms with new debt financing and more impatient managers, diversified firms involving more complicated business activities, and firms with weaker corporate governance. In addition, we find that project start-up is more likely to be deterred by the greater likelihood of project liquidation and larger managerial effort cost, whereas the amount of stock-based managerial compensation is independent of the probability of liquidation but is increasing in managerial effort cost.

Suggested Citation

  • Hori, Keiichi & Osano, Hiroshi, 2014. "Investment timing decisions of managers under endogenous contracts," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 607-627.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:29:y:2014:i:c:p:607-627
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2013.11.013
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    Cited by:

    1. Gan, Liu & Luo, Pengfei & Yang, Zhaojun, 2016. "Real option, debt maturity and equity default swaps under negotiation," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 278-284.
    2. repec:bla:jecrev:v:68:y:2017:i:4:p:521-554 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Katsunori Kume & Takao Fujiwara, 2016. "Production Flexibility of Real Options in Daily Supply Chain," Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, Springer;Global Institute of Flexible Systems Management, vol. 17(3), pages 249-264, September.
    4. Keiichi Hori & Hiroshi Osano, 2017. "Agency Contracts, Noncommitment Timing Strategies and Real Options," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 68(4), pages 521-554, December.
    5. Lukas, Elmar & Welling, Andreas, 2017. "Efficient non-cooperative bargaining despite keeping strategic information private," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 287-294.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agency conflicts; Investment timing; Real options; Restricted stock; Stock options;

    JEL classification:

    • D86 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Economics of Contract Law
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • M52 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects

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