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Real option, debt maturity and equity default swaps under negotiation


  • Gan, Liu
  • Luo, Pengfei
  • Yang, Zhaojun


We consider an investment option, of which the sunk cost is financed by entering into a fee-for-guarantee swap (FGS) or equity-for-guarantee swap (EGS). Debt has a finite maturity and guarantee costs depend on negotiation. We explicitly derive guarantee costs and the pricing and timing of the option. Under negotiation, borrowers get partial option value depending on his bargaining power and insurers gain the remaining value. We discover that EGSs are better than FGSs in borrowers’ view. Guarantee costs generally increase with funding gaps and investment thresholds decrease with debt maturities. The option value decreases first and then increases with debt maturity.

Suggested Citation

  • Gan, Liu & Luo, Pengfei & Yang, Zhaojun, 2016. "Real option, debt maturity and equity default swaps under negotiation," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 278-284.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finlet:v:18:y:2016:i:c:p:278-284
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:kap:annfin:v:13:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10436-017-0298-8 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Real options; Equity default swaps; Debt maturity; Negotiation;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill


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