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Analysis Of Private Tutoring Decisions In Korea: A Game Theory Approach

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  • CHOI, Álvaro

Abstract

The proliferation of private tutoring (PT) is a major issue in a growing number of countries, Korea being an extreme case. This article explores the causes and consequences of PT in Korea. PT is linked to the existence of a dual higher education system consequence of a dual labour market- through a game theory approach. Families face a situation similar to a prisoner’s dilemma. However, the models presented also show that the country’s large level of investment in PT raises questions about its aggregate efficiency and its impact on economic equality and intergenerational mobility.

Suggested Citation

  • CHOI, Álvaro, 2010. "Analysis Of Private Tutoring Decisions In Korea: A Game Theory Approach," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(3).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:eerese:v:10:y2010:i:3_2
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    File URL: http://www.usc.es/economet/reviews/eers1032.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tansel, AysIt & Bircan, Fatma, 2006. "Demand for education in Turkey: A tobit analysis of private tutoring expenditures," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 303-313, June.
    2. Dang, Hai-Anh, 2007. "The determinants and impact of private tutoring classes in Vietnam," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 683-698, December.
    3. Hai-Anh Dang & F. Halsey Rogers, 2008. "The Growing Phenomenon of Private Tutoring: Does It Deepen Human Capital, Widen Inequalities, or Waste Resources?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 23(2), pages 161-200, April.
    4. Bray, Mark & Kwok, Percy, 2003. "Demand for private supplementary tutoring: conceptual considerations, and socio-economic patterns in Hong Kong," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 611-620, December.
    5. Changhui Kang, 2007. "Does Money Matter? The Effect of Private Educational Expenditures on Academic Performance," Departmental Working Papers wp0704, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hoon Choi & Alvaro Choi, 2015. "When one door closes: the impact of the hagwon curfew on the consumption of private tutoring in the Republic of Korea," Working Papers XREAP2015-06, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Nov 2015.
    2. Choi, Hoon & Choi, Álvaro, 2016. "Regulating private tutoring consumption in Korea: Lessons from another failure," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 144-156.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Private tutoring; educational finance; educational efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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