Socioeconomic Determinants Of School Progression In Pakistan
Low enrollment and high drop out rates can best be understood by examining a range of socioeconomic factors that affect school progression from primary through secondary to post secondary schools in Pakistan. The study employs a sequential approach which captures the different opportunity costs of education at successive levels of schooling attained by students. The results show that child characteristics, parent’s education and household level variables are important determinants of child school progression. Household income and parent’s education are significantly and positively related to child schooling. The child’s own age as well as the number of siblings (up to age 18) are negatively related to the schooling decision and are an important factor in low enrollment rates and high incidence of dropouts. It was also found that the provision of government schools appeared to be an important predictor of enrollment in Pakistan. The study thus infers that a number of socio economic variables which capture or affect “poverty” are intimately related to the school progression decision.
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Volume (Year): 7 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Sarmistha Pal, 2004.
"Child schooling in Peru: Evidence from a sequential analysis of school progression,"
Journal of Population Economics,
Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 17(4), pages 657-680, December.
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- T. Paul Schultz, 1993. "Investments in the Schooling and Health of Women and Men: Quantities and Returns," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(4), pages 694-734.
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- Behrman, Jere R. & Wolfe, Barbara L., 1987. "Investments in schooling in two generations in pre-revolutionary Nicaragua : The roles of family background and school supply," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1-2), pages 395-419, October.
- Usha Jayachandran, 2002. "Socio-Economic Determinants of School Attendance in India," Working papers 103, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
- Schultz, T.P., 1990. "Returns To Women'S Education," Papers 603, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
- Ray, Ranjan, 2000. "Child Labor, Child Schooling, and Their Interaction with Adult Labor: Empirical Evidence for Peru and Pakistan," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 347-367, May.
- Alderman, Harold & Behrman, Jere R. & Khan, Shahrukh & Ross, David R. & Sabot, Richard, 1996. "Decomposing the regional gap in cognitive skills in rural Pakistan," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 49-76. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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