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Household schooling decisions in rural Pakistan

Author

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  • Sawada, Yasayuki
  • Lokshin, Michael

Abstract

Human capital investments in Pakistan are performing poorly; school enrollment is low, the high school dropout rate is high, and there is a definite gender gap in education. The authors conducted field surveys in 25 Pakistani villages and integrated their field observations, economic theory, and econometric analysis to investigate the sequential nature of education decisions--because current outcomes depend not only on current decisions but also on past decisions. Their full-information maximum likelihood estimate of the sequential schooling decision model reveals important dynamics affecting the gender gap in education, the effects of transitory income and wealth, and intrahousehold resource allocation patterns. They find, among other things, that in rural Pakistan: 1) There is a high educational retention rate, conditional on school entry, and that male and female schooling progression rates become comparable at higher levels of education. 2) A household's human and physical assets and changes in its income significantly affect children's education patterns. Birth order affects siblings'competition for resources. 3) Serious supply-side constraints on village girls'primary education suggest the importance of supply-side policy interventions in Pakistan's rural primary education--for example, providing more girls'primary schools close to villages and employing more female teachers.

Suggested Citation

  • Sawada, Yasayuki & Lokshin, Michael, 2001. "Household schooling decisions in rural Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2541, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2541
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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2008. "World Development Report 2007 Development and the Next Generation," Working Papers id:1755, eSocialSciences.
    2. Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Karamat Ali, 2005. "Who Are Schooled in Urban Pakistan?," HEW 0505003, EconWPA.
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    11. repec:rss:jnljel:v3i2p1 is not listed on IDEAS
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    22. Zeba A. Sathar & Asif Wazir & Maqsood Sadiq, 2013. "Struggling against the Odds of Poverty, Access, and Gender: Secondary Schooling for Girls in Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 18(Special E), pages 67-92, September.
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    Keywords

    Economic Theory&Research; Teaching and Learning; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Primary Education; Gender and Education;

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