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Inversiones en enseñanza y condiciones macroeconómicas: investigación micro-macro de América Latina y el Caribe

  • Suzanne Duryea
  • Jere R. Behrman
  • Miguel Székely

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) La enseñanza es un factor sumamente importante del desarrollo económico. Hay un gran cúmulo de obras empíricas publicadas sobre los factores que determinan el logro en la enseñanza. La mayor parte de esa obra publicada, sin embargo, emplea datos micro para analizar los vínculos entre el logro en la enseñanza y el historial y las experiencias de la familia, los mercados, las escuelas y otras características de la comunidad local. Esos estudios por lo general no han vinculado el logro en la enseñanza estrechamente con los cambios en las condiciones económicas en su conjunto. En este trabajo se emplea un nuevo conjunto de datos de alta calidad de 18 países latinoamericanos y del Caribe para evaluar los efectos de las condiciones macroeconómicas en el logro en la enseñanza. Se emplean datos de encuestas de hogares para elaborar un casi-panel con información sobre el logro de cohortes de nacimiento de nacidos entre 1930 y 1970, que se combinan con datos agregados de países específicos. Los datos se emplean para comprobar el avance de la escolaridad en América Latina y calcular las relaciones de múltiples variables del logro de la enseñanza por cohorte de nacimiento en relación con conjuntos de variables de estabilidad macroeconómica, dotación de factores, desarrollos demográficos, instituciones, cultura y religión. Estas estimaciones se emplean para descomponer la variación del avance de la enseñanza por décadas y analizar las causas de la desaceleración de la acumulación de escolaridad en la región desde la crisis de la deuda de los años 80.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4185.

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Date of creation: Nov 1999
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4185
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