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Ist das Angebot von Nahrungsmitteln "Ohne Gentechnik" wirtschaftlich nachhaltig?


  • Thomas Venus
  • Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes
  • Justus Wesseler


This article discusses to the evaluation of the economic sustainability of genetically modified free, "GM-free", product labeling. The rules and regulations governing the "GM-free" product label in the European Union are discussed in detail. The major question we address is whether the supply of "GM-free" labelled animal products can be an economically sustainable strategy. We discuss this question against the backdrop of emerging supply chain risks caused by low-level presence (LLP) of unapproved GM organisms (GMOs) as well as the asynchronous approval of GMOs. In diesem Beitrag wird diskutiert, ob das Angebot von Nahrungsmitteln mit der Kennzeichnung "Ohne Gentechnik" wirtschaftlich nachhaltig ist. Zudem wird dem Leser ein Überblick gegeben zur Regulierung genetisch veränderter Organismen (GVO) in der EU und zur Entwicklung der Kennzeichnungen "Ohne Gentechnik" oder "gentechnikfrei" in EU-Mitgliedsstaaten. Dies wird vor allem vor dem Hintergrund steigender Risiken durch "asynchrone Zulassungsprozesse" und "Low-Level Presence" von GVO diskutiert.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Venus & Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes & Justus Wesseler, 2012. "Ist das Angebot von Nahrungsmitteln "Ohne Gentechnik" wirtschaftlich nachhaltig?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 81(4), pages 93-110.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:81-4-7

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Giannakas Konstantinos & Kalaitzandonakes Nicholas & Magnier Alexander & Mattas Konstadinos, 2011. "Economic Effects of Purity Standards in Biotech Labeling Laws," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-47, April.
    2. Marion Desquilbet & David S. Bullock, 2003. "Who Pays the Costs of Non-GMO Segregation and Identity Preservation?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 91(3), pages 656-672.
    3. Jutta Roosen & Jayson L. Lusk & John A. Fox, 2003. "Consumer demand for and attitudes toward alternative beef labeling strategies in France, Germany, and the UK," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(1), pages 77-90.
    4. Desquilbet, Marion & Bullock, David S., 2009. "AJAE Appendix for ‘Who Pays the Costs of Non-GMO Segregation and Identity Preservation?’," American Journal of Agricultural Economics Appendices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 91(3), August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wesseler, Justus, 0. "Biotechnologies and agrifood strategies: opportunities, threats and economic implications," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), issue 3.
    2. Punt, Maarten J. & Venus, Thomas J. & Wesseler, Justus H.H., 2015. "Dairies investment decisions in voluntary GM-free labeling standards in Germany," GMCC-15: Seventh GMCC, November 17-20, 2015, Amsterdam, the Netherlands 211483, International Conference on Coexistence between Genetically Modified (GM) and non-GM based Agricultural Supply Chains (GMCC).

    More about this item


    Consumer welfare; genetically modified organisms; labeling; producer welfare; regulation;

    JEL classification:

    • K13 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Tort Law and Product Liability; Forensic Economics
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy


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