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Was verspricht der Koalitionsvertrag der schwarz-gelben Bundesregierung im Bereich der Bildungs- und Familienpolitik?: Eine Bewertung ausgewählter Aspekte

  • C. Katharina Spieß

The present paper first discusses and evaluates the educational and family policy measures mentioned in the coalition agreement of the CDU-FDP coalition government. As research in educational and family economics has shown, early childhood education and care is extremely important for both of these fields of public policy. There is no particular emphasis on early childhood education and care in the coalition agreement, however, and the educational policy and family policy measures that it does mention appear entirely disconnected from each other. In sum, the coalition agreement displays an evident lack of an overarching concept for educational and family policy in particular. Second, this paper presents arguments highlighting the need for a stronger focus on the main target groups of German educational and family policy. The coalition shows such a focus only in certain isolated areas. Furthermore, many of the measures mentioned are placed under the jurisdiction of the Länder (state) and municipal governments. What this means, however, is that these government bodies will need to be provided with sufficient funding, and that this funding must be protected from cuts under the pretext of reforms in other areas (such as in tax policy). Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden sowohl bildungs- als auch familienpolitische Maßnahmen, wie sie im Koalitionsvertrag der gegenwärtigen schwarz-gelben Bundesregierung genannt werden, diskutiert und bewertet. Für beide Politikbereiche ist die frühkindliche Bildung und Betreuung von hoher Relevanz; dies lässt sich bildungs- und familienökonomisch begründen. Im Koalitionsvertrag kommt diesem Bereich jedoch kein besonderer Schwerpunkt zu. Darüber hinaus stehen die Maßnahmen, die im Kontext der Bildungspolitik und im Kontext der Familienpolitik genannt werden, unverbunden nebeneinander. Offenkundig mangelt es an einem bildungs- und insbesondere an einem familienpolitischen Gesamtkonzept. Der Beitrag beleuchtet auch die Notwendigkeit einer größeren Zielgruppenorientierung der deutschen Bildungs- und Familienpolitik. Diese findet sich im Koalitionsvertrag nur sehr vereinzelt wieder. Hinzu kommt, dass viele Maßnahmen im Zuständigkeitsbereich der Länder und Kommunen genannt werden. Das bedeutet aber, dass diesen Gebietskörperschaften entsprechende Finanzierungsspielräume gegeben werden müssen, die nicht durch Reformüberlegungen in anderen Politikbereichen (wie der Steuerpolitik) eingeschränkt werden dürfen.

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Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 79 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 101-116

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:79-1-7
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