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Tracing the Evolution of Agglomeration Economies: Spain, 1860–1991

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  • Beltrán Tapia, Francisco J.
  • Díez-Minguela, Alfonso
  • Martinez-Galarraga, Julio

Abstract

Using district population in Spain between 1860 and 1991, recorded approximately every decade, this article examines whether initial population affects subsequent population growth. While such a relationship between these two variables hardly existed during the second half of the nineteenth century, this link increased significantly between 1910 and 1970, although this trend was abruptly interrupted by the Civil War and the autarkic period that followed. The intensity of this relationship decreased in the 1970s, a process that continued during the 1980s. Our findings also stress that agglomeration economies were stronger in medium-size districts, especially from 1960 onwards.

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  • Beltrán Tapia, Francisco J. & Díez-Minguela, Alfonso & Martinez-Galarraga, Julio, 2018. "Tracing the Evolution of Agglomeration Economies: Spain, 1860–1991," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 78(1), pages 81-117, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:78:y:2018:i:01:p:81-117_00
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    2. Rafael González-Val & Javier Silvestre, 2020. "An annual estimate of spatially disaggregated populations: Spain, 1900–2011," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 65(2), pages 491-508, October.
    3. Gianluca Egidi & Giovanni Quaranta & Luca Salvati & Rosanna Salvia & Gimenez Morera Antonio, 2021. "Investigating density-dependent patterns of population growth in Southern Italy, 1861–2019," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 11-30, April.
    4. Mariateresa Ciommi & Gianluca Egidi & Rosanna Salvia & Sirio Cividino & Kostas Rontos & Luca Salvati, 2020. "Population Dynamics and Agglomeration Factors: A Non-Linear Threshold Estimation of Density Effects," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(6), pages 1-19, March.

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