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Kinderrente und Vorsorgepflicht - der ifo-Vorschlag zur Lösung der demographischen Krise des Rentensystems

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  • Martin Werding

Abstract

Durch die Rentenreformen der vergangenen Jahre ist bereits einiges erreicht worden, was die Belastungen der heute noch jungen und zukünftiger Generationen verringert. Der Anstieg dieser Belastungen durch hohe Beitragssätze und hohe "implizite Steuern" des Rentensystems muss aber noch weiter begrenzt werden. Noch dringlicher ist bei den dazu erforderlichen Senkungen des Rentenniveaus jedoch eine differenzierte Behandlung Versicherter nach der Zahl ihrer Kinder. Sie muss darauf zielen, die negativen Rückwirkungen des umlagefinanzierten gesetzlichen Rentensystems in Deutschland auf die Geburtenentwicklung zu reduzieren und langfristig möglichst ganz auszuschalten. Daneben ist eine kompensierende Vorsorgepflicht für Versicherte mit geringer Kinderzahl erforderlich. Im Mittelpunkt dieses Beitrages steht die detaillierte Darstellung eines konkreten Lösungsvorschlags, der so genannten "Kinderrente", den das ifo Institut in den vergangenen Jahren entwickelt hat, um das Rentensystem sowohl während der Phase akuten demographischen Wandels bis 2035 zu stabilisieren als auch mit neuen, langfristig tragfähigen Rahmenbedingungen für seine weitere Entwicklung zu versehen.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Werding, 2006. "Kinderrente und Vorsorgepflicht - der ifo-Vorschlag zur Lösung der demographischen Krise des Rentensystems," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 59(07), pages 44-53, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:59:y:2006:i:07:p:44-53
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Werding & Herbert Hofmann, 2005. "Die fiskalische Bilanz eines Kindes im deutschen Steuer- und Sozialsystem : Studie im Auftrag der Robert Bosch Stiftung," ifo Forschungsberichte, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 27, October.
    2. Martin Werding & Sonja Munz & Vera Gács, 2008. "Fertility and Prosperity: Zusammenhänge zwischen Geburtenrate und wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung in ausgewählten Industrieländern," ifo Forschungsberichte, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 42, October.
    3. Martin Werding, 2005. "Survivor Benefits and the Gender Tax Gap in Public Pension Schemes: Observations from Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 1596, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Thiess Büttner & Peter Egger & Herbert Hofmann & Christian Holzner & Mario Larch & Volker Meier & Chang Woon Nam & Rigmar Osterkamp & Rüdiger Parsche & Martin Werding, 2006. "Tu felix Austria: Wachstums- und Beschäftigungspolitik in Österreich und Deutschland im Vergleich," ifo Forschungsberichte, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 31, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Soziale Sicherung; Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung; Familienpolitik; Kinderbetreuung; Geburtenrate; Alterssicherung; Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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