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Optimal Intergenerational Redistribution in a Two-Country Model with Endogenous Fertility

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  • Kolmar, Martin

Abstract

We analyze a model with two countries that are linked by an integrated capital market. Fertility, and thus population growth, is endogenously determined by households. Our analysis proceeds in three steps: First, we characterize an optimal intertemporal and interregional allocation in a model with endogenous fertility and two countries. Second, we look for an institution supporting the optimal allocation. It turns out that in general, a decentralized equilibrium is inefficient. National public-pension systems with benefits that are related to the number of children implements the optimal allocation. This provides a justification for government interventions beyond its role as a "night-watchman." Third, we analyze whether national governments have the right incentives to implement the optimal system. It turns out that every national government has an incentive to deviate from the optimal structure and to shift part of the burden to the other country. Policy implications for the institutional arrangements within the European Union are discussed. Copyright 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

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  • Kolmar, Martin, 2001. "Optimal Intergenerational Redistribution in a Two-Country Model with Endogenous Fertility," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 106(1-2), pages 23-51, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:106:y:2001:i:1-2:p:23-51
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Werding, 2006. "Kinderrente und Vorsorgepflicht - der ifo-Vorschlag zur Lösung der demographischen Krise des Rentensystems," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 59(07), pages 44-53, April.
    2. Meier, Volker & Wrede, Matthias, 2010. "Pensions, fertility, and education," Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(01), pages 75-93, January.
    3. Robert Fenge & Volker Meier, 2005. "Pensions and fertility incentives," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(1), pages 28-48, February.
    4. Robert Fenge & Volker Meier, 2004. "Are Family Allowances and Fertility-related pensions Siamese Twins?," CESifo Working Paper Series 1157, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Ludwig von Auer & Bettina Büttner, 2004. "Endogenous Fertility, Externalities, and Efficiency in Old-Age Pension Systems," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 160(2), pages 294-294, June.
    6. Kolmar, Martin, 2007. "Beveridge versus Bismarck public-pension systems in integrated markets," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 649-669, November.
    7. Robert Fenge & Volker Meier, 2009. "Are family allowances and fertility-related pensions perfect substitutes?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 16(2), pages 137-163, April.
    8. Concepció Patxot & Elisenda Rentería & Miguel Romero & Guadalupe Souto, 2012. "Measuring the balance of government intervention on forward and backward family transfers using NTA estimates: the modified Lee arrows," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 19(3), pages 442-461, June.
    9. Ab O, G. & Mahieu, G. & Patxot, C., 2004. "On the optimality of PAYG pension systems in an endogenous fertility setting," Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(01), pages 35-62, March.
    10. Kolmar, Martin, 1997. "Zur Effizienz nationaler Sozialversicherungssysteme in der Europäischen Union," Discussion Papers, Series II 341, University of Konstanz, Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) 178 "Internationalization of the Economy".

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