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Intégration commerciale avec des pays émergents ayant des ressources importantes en main-d'œuvre qualifiée. Quels effets pour les pays européens ?

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  • Patrick Artus

Abstract

We show that, at the periphery of the European Union, or in the Central European accession countries, resources in skilled labour are abundant. This changes significantly the lessons drawn from the conventional model of international specialisation because of factor endowment. We build a model of this type (with two countries, two products and three factors of production), and we study the effects of large resources in skilled labour in the emerging country on the nature of specialisation, relative prices, wage inequalities, capital flows, the brain drain, and so forth. We show that trade openness can, in this case, be very detrimental for advanced countries. Classification JEL : F16

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  • Patrick Artus, 2006. "Intégration commerciale avec des pays émergents ayant des ressources importantes en main-d'œuvre qualifiée. Quels effets pour les pays européens ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(4), pages 673-704.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_574_0673
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    1. repec:eco:journ1:2014-03-07 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Radouane RAOUF & Hicham HAFID, 2014. "Relocation and Inequalities between Skilled and Unskilled in Northern Countries: Simulation Using a CGE Model," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 4(4), pages 758-772.

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    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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