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A Theory of North-South Trade and Globalization

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  • Dinopoulos, Elias
  • Segerstrom, Paul

Abstract

This Paper develops a dynamic general equilibrium model of North-South trade with scale-invariant growth. Northern firms devote resources to innovative R&D to discover higher quality products and Southern firms devote resources to imitative R&D to copy state-of-the-art quality Northern products. Both innovation and imitation rates are endogenously determined as well as the degree of wage inequality between Northern and Southern workers. The steady-state effects of globalization and stronger protection of intellectual property are analysed. It is shown that globalization leads to more copying of Northern products, faster technological change, and less wage inequality between Northern and Southern workers. Stronger intellectual property protection has the opposite steady-state effects and thus serves to moderate the effects of globalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Dinopoulos, Elias & Segerstrom, Paul, 2003. "A Theory of North-South Trade and Globalization," CEPR Discussion Papers 4140, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4140
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ryo Horii & Tatsuro Iwaisako, 2007. "Economic Growth with Imperfect Protection of Intellectual Property Rights," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 90(1), pages 45-85, January.
    2. Gancia, Gino & Bonfiglioli, Alessandra, 2008. "North-South trade and directed technical change," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 276-295, December.
    3. Wolfgang Keller & Carol H. Shiue, 2007. "Market Integration and Economic Development: A Long-run Comparison," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(1), pages 107-123, February.
    4. Gancia, Gino & Zilibotti, Fabrizio, 2005. "Horizontal Innovation in the Theory of Growth and Development," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 3, pages 111-170 Elsevier.
    5. Amy Jocelyn Glass, 2004. "Outsourcing under Imperfect Protection of Intellectual Property," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(5), pages 867-884, November.
    6. Hitoshi Tanaka & Tatsuro Iwaisako & Koichi Futagami, 2006. "Dynamic Analysis of Innovation and Licensing: The Effects of Intellectual Property Rights Protection," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 06-06, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
    7. Segerstrom, Paul, 2003. "Naomi Klein and the Anti-Globalization Movement," CEPR Discussion Papers 4141, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Hitoshi Tanaka, 2006. "Dynamic Analysis of Imitation and Technology Gap," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 87(3), pages 209-240, April.
    9. Gilles Koléda, 2005. "Northern and Southern Patent Novelty Requirements Harmonization, Growth and Trade," DEGIT Conference Papers c010_025, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    10. Raouf Boucekkine & Blanca Martinez & Cagri Saglam, 2010. "Capital Maintenance As A Key Development Tool," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 57(5), pages 547-567, November.
    11. Gilles Koléda, 2007. "A Two-countries Two-R&D-sectors Model of Growth and Trade," DEGIT Conference Papers c012_009, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    12. Testsugen Haruyama & Ken-ichi Hashimoto, 2007. "Technological Leaders and Followers in a World Economy," DEGIT Conference Papers c012_010, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    13. Wolf-Heimo Grieben, 2006. "Globalization with Labor Market Frictions and Non-Scale Growth," DEGIT Conference Papers c011_053, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    14. Haibin Wu, 2010. "Distance to frontier, intellectual property rights, and economic growth," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 165-183.
    15. Wolf-Heimo GRIEBEN, 2004. "Globalization, Labor Market Rigidities and Multiple Equilibria," DEGIT Conference Papers c009_020, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    16. Patrick Artus, 2006. "Intégration commerciale avec des pays émergents ayant des ressources importantes en main-d'œuvre qualifiée. Quels effets pour les pays européens ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(4), pages 673-704.
    17. Cusolito, Ana, 2009. "Competition, imitation, and technical change : quality vs. variety," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4997, The World Bank.
    18. Óscar Afonso & Álvaro Aguiar, 2005. "Price-Channel Effects of North-South Trade on the Direction of Technological Knowledge and Wage Inequality," FEP Working Papers 170, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic growth; globalization; intellectual property rights; north-south trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital

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