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Makroökonomische Auswirkungen der EU-Erweiterung auf alte und neue Mitglieder

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  • Fritz Breuss

Abstract

Die Neuberechnung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Auswirkungen der EU-Erweiterung durch das WIFO berücksichtigt alle theoretisch möglichen Integrationseffekte: Handelseffekte, Binnenmarkteffekte, Faktorwanderungseffekte und Kosten der Erweiterung bzw. Transfers für die MOEL. Demnach ist dieser Integrationsschritt eine "Win-Win-Situation": Gemessen am realen BIP profitieren sowohl die MOEL als auch die EU, erstere allerdings rund zehnmal so viel wie die EU-Länder. Österreich, Deutschland und Italien gewinnen relativ am meisten, Spanien, Portugal oder Dänemark zählen hingegen eher zu den Verlierern.

Suggested Citation

  • Fritz Breuss, 2001. "Makroökonomische Auswirkungen der EU-Erweiterung auf alte und neue Mitglieder," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 74(11), pages 655-666, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:monber:y:2001:i:11:p:655-666
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arndt, Sven & Handler, Heinz & Salvatore, Dominick, 2000. "Eastern enlargement: the sooner, the better?," MPRA Paper 44943, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. George J. Borjas, 1995. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 3-22, Spring.
    3. Fritz Breuss, 2000. "An Evaluation of the Economic Effects of Austria's EU Membership," Austrian Economic Quarterly, WIFO, vol. 5(4), pages 171-196, November.
    4. Fritz Breuss & Fritz Schebeck, 1999. "Costs and Benefits of EU Eastern Enlargement for Austria," Austrian Economic Quarterly, WIFO, vol. 4(1), pages 43-53, January.
    5. Casella, Alessandra, 1996. "Large countries, small countries and the enlargement of trade blocs," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 389-415, February.
    6. Anders Hoffmann, 2000. "The gains from partial completion of the single market," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 136(4), pages 601-630, December.
    7. Baldwin, Richard E. & Venables, Anthony J., 1995. "Regional economic integration," Handbook of International Economics, in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1597-1644, Elsevier.
    8. Arjan M. Lejour & Ruud A. De Mooij & Richard Nahuis, 2001. "EU Enlargement: Economic Implications for Countries and Industries," CESifo Working Paper Series 585, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. Arjan M. Lejour & Ruud A. De Mooij & Richard Nahuis, 2001. "EU Enlargement: Economic Implications for Countries and Industries," CESifo Working Paper Series 585, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Fritz Breuss, 2001. "Macroeconomic Effects of EU Enlargement for Old and New Members," WIFO Working Papers 143, WIFO.
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