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Controversies Over the Adoption of Genetically Modified Organisms: An Overview of the Special Issue


  • Schmitz Andrew

    (University of Florida)


Many of the controversial issues surrounding the adoption of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are addressed in this special issue of JAFIO. There is concern that due to institutional constraints the biotechnology gene revolution will not live up to its potential. The potential for GM crops in less-developed countries appears to be less than for developed nations. In the United States the adoption rate of GM products varies by crop, thus it is difficult to generalize about the economic returns received from GM-crop adoption. Contamination issues such as the StarLink event, coupled with segregation costs have made GM crops less attractive than would otherwise be the case. In the European Union resistance to GM crops will likely remain high for the next several years due to both consumer resistance and from those producers who lose from the adoption of GM crops. Consumer acceptability of GM crops varies by country and is influenced by public information, which often is biased in favor of special interest groups. International clubs, which trade in GM products, may be formed in the future.

Suggested Citation

  • Schmitz Andrew, 2004. "Controversies Over the Adoption of Genetically Modified Organisms: An Overview of the Special Issue," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 2(2), pages 1-10, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bjafio:v:2:y:2004:i:2:n:1

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ulrich, Alvin & Furtan, William H & Schmitz, Andrew, 1987. "The Cost of a Licensing System Regulation: An Example from Canadian Prairie Agriculture," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(1), pages 160-178, February.
    2. Alvin Ulrich & Hartley Furtan & Andrew Schmitz, 1986. "Public and Private Returns from Joint Venture Research: An Example from Agriculture," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(1), pages 103-129.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhu, Manhong & Schmitz, Andrew & Schmtiz, Troy G., 2016. "Why Has not Genetically Modified Wheat Been Commercialized: A Game Theoretical Perspective," 2016 Annual Meeting, February 6-9, 2016, San Antonio, Texas 230796, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

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