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Cooperation or Competition? A Field Experiment on Non-monetary Learning Incentives

Author

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  • Bigoni Maria

    (Department of Economics, University of Bologna, Piazza Scaravilli 2, Bologna, Italy)

  • Fort Margherita
  • Nardotto Mattia

    (Department of Economics, University of Cologne, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, Cologne, Germany)

  • Reggiani Tommaso G.

Abstract

We assess the effect of two antithetic non-monetary incentive schemes based on grading rules on students’ effort, using experimental data. We randomly assigned students to a tournament scheme that fosters competition between paired up students, a cooperative scheme that promotes information sharing and collaboration between students and a baseline treatment in which students can neither compete nor cooperate. In line with theoretical predictions, we find that competition induces higher effort with respect to cooperation, whereas cooperation does not increase effort with respect to the baseline treatment. Nonetheless, we find a strong gender effect since this result holds only for men while women do not react to this type of non-monetary incentives.

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  • Bigoni Maria & Fort Margherita & Nardotto Mattia & Reggiani Tommaso G., 2015. "Cooperation or Competition? A Field Experiment on Non-monetary Learning Incentives," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 15(4), pages 1753-1792, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejeap:v:15:y:2015:i:4:p:1753-1792:n:11
    DOI: 10.1515/bejeap-2014-0109
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    4. Englmaier, Florian & Grimm, Stefan & Grothe, Dominik & Schindler, David & Schudy, Simeon, 2021. "The Efficacy of Tournaments for Non-Routine Team Tasks," CEPR Discussion Papers 16360, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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