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Cooperation or Competition? A Field Experiment on Non-monetary Learning Incentives

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Listed:
  • Bigoni Maria

    () (Department of Economics, University of Bologna, Piazza Scaravilli 2, Bologna, Italy)

  • Fort Margherita

    ()

  • Nardotto Mattia

    () (Department of Economics, University of Cologne, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, Cologne, Germany)

  • Reggiani Tommaso G.

    ()

Abstract

We assess the effect of two antithetic non-monetary incentive schemes based on grading rules on students’ effort, using experimental data. We randomly assigned students to a tournament scheme that fosters competition between paired up students, a cooperative scheme that promotes information sharing and collaboration between students and a baseline treatment in which students can neither compete nor cooperate. In line with theoretical predictions, we find that competition induces higher effort with respect to cooperation, whereas cooperation does not increase effort with respect to the baseline treatment. Nonetheless, we find a strong gender effect since this result holds only for men while women do not react to this type of non-monetary incentives.

Suggested Citation

  • Bigoni Maria & Fort Margherita & Nardotto Mattia & Reggiani Tommaso G., 2015. "Cooperation or Competition? A Field Experiment on Non-monetary Learning Incentives," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 15(4), pages 1753-1792, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejeap:v:15:y:2015:i:4:p:1753-1792:n:11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anna Dreber & Emma Essen & Eva Ranehill, 2011. "Outrunning the gender gap—boys and girls compete equally," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 14(4), pages 567-582, November.
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    3. Eszter Czibor & Sander Onderstal & Randolph Sloof & Mirjam van Praag, 2014. "Does Relative Grading help Male Students? Evidence from a Field Experiment in the Classroom," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-116/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    4. Massimiliano Bratti & Daniele Checchi & Antonio Filippin, 2011. "Should you compete or cooperate with your schoolmates?," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 275-289.
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    6. Maria De Paola & Vincenzo Scoppa & Rosanna Nisticò, 2012. "Monetary Incentives and Student Achievement in a Depressed Labor Market: Results from a Randomized Experiment," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(1), pages 56-85.
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    9. De Paola, Maria & Gioia, Francesca & Scoppa, Vincenzo, 2015. "Are females scared of competing with males? Results from a field experiment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 117-128.
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    1. repec:eee:jeborg:v:160:y:2019:i:c:p:83-99 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Wagner, Valentin & Riener, Gerhard, 2015. "Peers or parents? On non-monetary incentives in schools," DICE Discussion Papers 203, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    3. Eszter Czibor & Sander Onderstal & Randolph Sloof & Mirjam van Praag, 2014. "Does Relative Grading help Male Students? Evidence from a Field Experiment in the Classroom," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-116/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    4. Antoci, Angelo & Bonelli, Laura & Paglieri, Fabio & Reggiani, Tommaso & Sabatini, Fabio, 2019. "Civility and trust in social media," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 83-99.

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