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Sources and Measurement of Agricultural Productivity and Efficiency in Canadian Provinces: Crops and Livestock

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  • Alexander Bilson Darku
  • Stavroula Malla
  • Kien C. Tran

Abstract

type="main" xml:lang="fr"> Dans le présent article, nous examinons l'écart de croissance de la productivité totale des facteurs (PTF) entre les provinces canadiennes dans les secteurs des cultures et de l'élevage pour la période 1940–2009. Nous tentons également de déterminer si la croissance de la productivité agricole au Canada a ralenti comme l'ont indiqué des études antérieures. Nous avons utilisé le modèle de frontière stochastique qui inclut l'inefficience afin de décomposer la croissance de la PTF en divers éléments tels que le progrès technologique, l'effet d'échelle et l'efficience technique. Selon les résultats de notre étude, les écarts de productivité dans le secteur des cultures sont principalement déterminés par le progrès technologique tandis que dans le secteur de l'élevage, ils sont déterminés par l'effet d'échelle et le progrès technologique. Bien que l'écart d'efficience technique soit principalement positif (à l'exception du Nouveau-Brunswick et de la Nouvelle-Écosse), sa contribution à la croissance de la productivité compte pour peu dans les provinces. Au cours de cette même période, le taux de croissance de la productivité du sous-secteur des cultures a été en moyenne plus élevé dans les provinces des Prairies que dans les provinces de l'Est et de l'Atlantique. En revanche, le taux de croissance de la productivité du sous-secteur de l'élevage a été plus élevé dans les provinces de l'Est et de l'Atlantique que dans les provinces des Prairies, à l'exception du Manitoba. Finalement, bien qu'il existe des signes de ralentissement récent de la croissance de la productivité dans le sous-secteur des cultures, il ne semble pas en exister dans le sous-secteur de l'élevage.

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  • Alexander Bilson Darku & Stavroula Malla & Kien C. Tran, 2016. "Sources and Measurement of Agricultural Productivity and Efficiency in Canadian Provinces: Crops and Livestock," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 64(1), pages 49-70, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:canjag:v:64:y:2016:i:1:p:49-70
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/cjag.12061
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    Cited by:

    1. Wenbiao Cai, 2017. "We See Thee Rise: Quantifying Farm Size Expansion in Canada," Departmental Working Papers 2017-01, The University of Winnipeg, Department of Economics.

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