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When spatial equilibrium fails: is place-based policy second best?

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  • Partridge, Mark D.
  • Rickman, Dan S.
  • Olfert, M. Rose
  • Tan, Ying

Abstract

Place-based or geographically-targeted policy has been promoted as a way to help poor regions and the poor people who live there. Yet, such policy has often been attacked by economists as slowing needed economic adjustments, redirecting resources to lower productivity regions, and supporting political agendas rather than economic prosperity. The spatial equilibrium model in particular predicts that people readily move to the locations providing the highest expected utility, suggesting that policy interventions only impede needed adjustments. Given the high mobility of Americans, the spatial equilibrium model should then be most applicable to the US. We review the empirical evidence on whether the spatial equilibrium model applies and find that, even in the United States, people are not as mobile as the model suggests and that economic shocks have rather persistent effects. Although this suggests the potential need for place-based policy, we describe the informational and political economy conditions that need to be met before place-based policy can be effective.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40270.

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Date of creation: 21 Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40270

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Keywords: Place-based policy; spatial equilibrium;

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Cited by:
  1. Partridge, Mark & Rickman, Dan & Tan, Ying & Olfert, M. Rose, 2013. "U.S. Regional Poverty Post-2000: The Lost Decade," MPRA Paper 48528, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Matthew Klesta & Frank Manzo & Francisca G-C Richter & Mark S Sniderman, 2013. "Low-income-rental-housing programs in the Fourth District," Working Paper 1311, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  3. Dan S. Rickman, 2013. "Should Oklahoma Be More Like Texas? A Taxing Decision," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 43(1), pages 1-22, Summer.
  4. Rickman, Dan S. & Guettabi, Mouhcine, 2013. "The Great Recession and Nonmetropolitan America," MPRA Paper 44829, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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