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Distance From Urban Agglomeration Economies And Rural Poverty

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  • Mark D. Partridge
  • Dan S. Rickman

Abstract

Despite strong national economic growth and significant poverty reduction during the late 1990s, high poverty persisted in remote rural areas. This study uses a geographical information system county database to examine the nexus between rural U.S. poverty and remoteness. We find that poverty rates increase with greater rural distances from successively larger metropolitan areas (MAs). We explain this outcome as arising from the attenuation of urban agglomeration effects at greater distances and incomplete commuting and migration responses to lower labor demand in rural areas. One implication is that remote areas may particularly experience greater reductions in poverty from place-based economic development policies. Copyright (c) Blackwell Publishing, Inc. 2008

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Regional Science.

Volume (Year): 48 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 285-310

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jregsc:v:48:y:2008:i:2:p:285-310

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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-4146

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Cited by:
  1. Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan S. & Olfert, M. Rose & Tan, Ying, 2012. "When spatial equilibrium fails: is place-based policy second best?," MPRA Paper 40270, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Chloé DUVIVIER & Mary-Françoise RENARD & Shi LI, 2012. "Are workers close to cities paid higher non-agricultural wages in rural China?," Working Papers 201205, CERDI.
  3. Mark D. Partridge & Michael R. Betz & Linda Lobao, 2013. "Natural Resource Curse and Poverty in Appalachian America," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 95(2), pages 449-456.
  4. Hisamitsu Saito & Munisamy Gopinath & JunJie Wu, 2011. "Inter-Regional Spillovers and Urban-Rural Disparity in U.S. Employment Growth," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1129, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Jeanty, P. Wilner & Ulimwengu, John Mususa, 2011. "Poverty rate and government income transfers: A spatial simultaneous equations approach," IFPRI discussion papers 1076, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Ghani, Ejaz & Kerr, William R. & O'Connell, Stephen D., 2013. "The exceptional persistence of India's unorganized sector," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6454, The World Bank.
  7. Maureen Kilkenny, 2010. "Urban/Regional Economics And Rural Development," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(1), pages 449-470.
  8. Yves Zenou, 2011. "Rural–Urban Migration And Unemployment: Theory And Policy Implications," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(1), pages 65-82, 02.
  9. Enver, Ayesha & Partridge, Mark D., 2008. "Rural-Urban Migration and the Intergenerational Transmission of Wealth," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6475, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

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