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Employment Growth in the American Urban Hierarchy: Long Live Distance

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Author Info

  • Partridge Mark D.

    ()
    (Ohio State University)

  • Rickman Dan S

    ()
    (Oklahoma State University)

  • Ali Kamar

    ()
    (University of Saskatchewan)

  • Olfert M. Rose

    ()
    (University of Saskatchewan)

Abstract

New information technologies and reductions in transportation costs have led pundits to pronounce the "death of distance." These claims would suggest that distance is no longer a barrier to growth for remote areas and small urban centers. Despite extensive research on the localized effects of agglomeration, very few studies have empirically investigated the broader spillover effects of proximity and location in the urban system. This study attempts to fill this void using U.S. county level employment data. A primary innovation is that urban centers, from which distance is measured, are differentiated by their position within six tiers (rural plus 5 urban) of the American urban hierarchy. Net agglomeration economies can thus originate from multiple sources throughout the entire 360° span. Our findings indicate that proximity to higher-tiered urban centers continues to be an important positive determinant of local job growth, all the way from the smallest to largest urban centers.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics.

Volume (Year): 8 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 1-38

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:8:y:2008:i:1:n:10

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Cited by:
  1. Emmanouil Tranos & Peter Nijkamp, 2012. "The Death of Distance Revisited: Cyberplace, Physical and Relational Proximities," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-066/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Davidsson, Michael & Rickman, Dan S., 2011. "U.S. Micropolitan Area Growth: A Spatial Equilibrium Growth Analysis," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 41(2,3), pages 179-203, Fall, Win.
  3. Dan Rickman & Belal Fallah & Mark Partridge, 2011. "Geographic Determinants of Hi-Tech Employment Growth in U.S. Counties," ERSA conference papers ersa11p518, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Mark D., Partridge & M. Rose, Olfert, 2010. "The Winner's Choice: Sustainable Economic Strategies for Successful 21st Century Regions," MPRA Paper 29646, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Berdegué, J. & Jara, B. & Modrego, F., 2012. "Ciudades, territorios y crecimiento inclusivo en Chile," Working papers 103, Rimisp Latin American Center for Rural Development.
  6. Ajay Agrawal & Christian Catalini & Avi Goldfarb, 2010. "Entrepreneurial Finance and the Flat-World Hypothesis: Evidence from Crowd-Funding Entrepreneurs in the Arts," Working Papers 10-08, NET Institute, revised Sep 2010.
  7. Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan S., 2012. "Integrating regional economic development analysis and land use economics," MPRA Paper 38291, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Emmanouil Tranos & Peter Nijkamp, 2012. "The Death of Distance Revisited: Cyberplace, Physical and Relational Proximities," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-066/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  9. Gordon Mulligan & Mark Partridge & John Carruthers, 2012. "Central place theory and its reemergence in regional science," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 48(2), pages 405-431, April.
  10. Fallah, Belal & Partridge, Mark, 2012. "Geography and high-tech employment growth in U.S. counties," MPRA Paper 38294, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Dorfman, Jeffrey H. & Patridge, Mark D. & Galloway, Hamilton, 2008. "Are High-Tech Employment and Natural Amenities Linked?: Answers from a Smoothed Bayesian Spatial Model," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6459, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  12. Rickman, Dan, 2013. "Should Oklahoma Be More Like Texas? A Taxing Decision," MPRA Paper 48497, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman & Kamar Ali & M. Rose Olfert, 2009. "Recent Spatial Growth Dynamics in Wages and Housing Costs: Proximity to Urban Production Externalities and Consumer Amenities," Economics Working Paper Series 0906, Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and Legal Studies in Business.
  14. Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan S. & Ali, Kamar & Olfert, M. Rose, 2009. "Agglomeration spillovers and wage and housing cost gradients across the urban hierarchy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 126-140, June.
  15. Winters, John V, 2010. "Human Capital and Population Growth in Non-Metropolitan U.S. Counties: The Importance of College Student Migration," MPRA Paper 25592, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  16. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman & Kamar Ali & M. Rose Olfert, 2008. "The Geographic Diversity of U.S. Nonmetropolitan Growth Dynamics: A Geographically Weighted Regression Approach," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 84(2), pages 241-266.
  17. M. Olfert & Murray Jelinski & Dimitrios Zikos & John Campbell, 2012. "Human capital drift up the urban hierarchy: veterinarians in Western Canada," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 551-570, October.
  18. Berdegué, J. & Carriazo, F. & Jara, B. & Modrego, F. & Soloaga, I., 2012. "Ciudades, territorios y crecimiento inclusivo en Latinoamérica: Los casos de Chile, Colombia y México," Working papers 118, Rimisp Latin American Center for Rural Development.

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