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Asimetrías en la demanda por trabajo en Colombia: el papel del ciclo económico

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  • Jorge Andrés Tamayo Castaño

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo estimar las elasticidades de demanda de empleo moderno total y no calificado, haciendo énfasis en las asimetrías presentes en las distintas fases del ciclo económico colombiano. Para tal fin, se estiman modelos MS-VAR(p) siguiendo la metodología propuesta por Krolzig (1997) y Clements y Krolzig (2003). Los resultados confirman la existencia de dichas asimetrías en las demandas por empleo moderno total y no calificado, las cuales varían dependiendo del comportamiento de la actividad agregada de la economía, a decir, crisis, recuperación y auge. Específicamente, se encuentra que tanto para el empleo moderno y el empleo moderno no calificado, las relaciones empleo-PIB y empleo-salario no calificado, se intensifican en los periodos de crisis. Así mismo, la elasticidad empleo-salario aumenta (en valor absoluto) para el trabajo no calificado en los periodos de auge.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 689.

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Length: 57
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:689

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Keywords: Demanda de Trabajo; Ciclo Económico; Modelos Markov-Switching; No linealidades y Asimetrías. Classification JEL: E24; E32; C32; C34.;

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