Worker flows and job flows: a quantitative investigation
AbstractWorker flows and job flows behave differently over the business cycle. The authors investigate the sources of the differences by studying quantitative properties of a multiple-worker version of the search/matching model that features endogenous job separation and intra-firm wage bargaining. Their calibration incorporates micro- and macro-level evidence on worker and job flows. The authors show that the dynamic stochastic equilibrium of the model replicates important cyclical features of worker flows and job flow simultaneously. In particular, the model correctly predicts that hires from unemployment move countercyclically while the job creation rate moves procyclically. The key to this result is to allow for a large hiring flow that does not go through unemployment but is part of job creation, for which procyclicality of the job finding rate dominates its cyclicality. The authors also show that the model generates large volatilities of unemployment and vacancies when a worker's outside option is at 83 percent of aggregate labor productivity.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia in its series Working Papers with number 09-33.
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Shigeru Fujita & Makoto Nakajima, 2013. "Worker flows and job flows: a quantitative investigation," Working Papers 13-09, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
- NEP-ALL-2010-01-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-DGE-2010-01-10 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-LAB-2010-01-10 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MAC-2010-01-10 (Macroeconomics)
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- Christopher Reicher, 2011. "Hiring chains and the dynamic behavior of job and worker flows," Kiel Working Papers 1709, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- Andrea Pescatori & Murat Tasci, 2011. "Search frictions and the labor wedge," Working Paper 1111, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
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