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Los costos no laborales y el mercado laboral: impacto de la reforma de salud en Colombia

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  • Mauricio Santa María S.

    ()

  • Fabián García A.

    ()

  • Ana Virgina Mujica P.

    ()

Abstract

El documento analiza el impacto que la reforma a la seguridad social en Colombia (Ley 100 de 1993) ha tenido sobre el mercado laboral. Utilizando series de tiempo (a través de métodos de cointegración y de regresiones iterativas, entre otros) se encuentra que el incremento de 14 puntos porcentuales en los costos no salariales, en un escenario donde la protección social se financia a través de impuestos a la nómina, ha generado una profunda segmentación del mercado laboral. Esta situación debe entenderse como la coexistencia de dos mercados laborales, uno asalariado y otro cuenta propia, que actúan como sustitutos el uno del otro. Por tanto, la reforma ha promovido la creación de empleos cuenta propia e informalidad, pues los trabajadores buscan emplearse en sectores donde pueden evadir estos pagos, mientras que las firmas se han visto desincentivadas a crear empleos formales. Este proceso ha sido particularmente nocivo para la población menos educada y más vulnerable, limitando así la generación de ingresos sostenibles y la superación de la pobreza

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDESARROLLO in its series WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 009186.

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Length: 46
Date of creation: 30 Aug 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000123:009186

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Keywords: Costos no salariales; segmentación del mercado laboral; informalidad;

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