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La tasa natural de desempleo en Colombia y sus determinantes

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  • Jorge Andrés Tamayo

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Abstract

En este trabajo se estima una tasa natural de desempleo para Colombia en el período 1984-2006. Siguiendo el modelo de negociación de salarios de Blanchard (1991), se emplea un filtro de Kalman, para estimar un sistema de ecuaciones para la tasa natural de desempleo, el desajuste del mercado laboral, los salarios y los precios según la metodología propuesta por Salemi (1999). Los resultados de este ejercicio resaltan el papel de la participación joven en el mercado laboral y los costos laborales no salariales como principales determinantes de la tasa natural de desempleo. Asimismo, le restan importancia al papel del salario mínimo en dicha tasa natural, al tiempo que sugieren la existencia de ajustes del mercado laboral colombiano "vía precios".

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 491.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:491

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Keywords: Tasa natural de desempleo; filtro de Kalman; Costos a la nómina; salario mínimo; mercado laboral; población en edad de trabajar Classification JEL:J23; J32; J41; J64; H20; E24; C32.;

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  1. Paul Krugman, 1994. "Past and prospective causes of high unemployment," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Jan, pages 49-98.
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Cited by:
  1. Jorge Andrés Tamayo Castaño, 2012. "Asimetrías en la demanda por trabajo en Colombia: el papel del ciclo económico," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009286, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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