Social security reforms and early retirement
In order to stimulate labor market participation and improve the financial viability of the social security systems, many recent reform proposals in various OECD economies suggest to scale down the non-actuarial parts of the pension systems. These reforms have a flavour of increased efficiency at the costs of welfare losses for low income individuals. Investigating such a belief, we employ an overlapping generations model which features an endogenous retirement age and heterogenous individuals within generations. Based on a simple theoretical version of the model we demonstrate that high income individuals are likely to gain. The sign of the welfare effect for low income households is ambiguous because we do not know whether the effect of lower pension benefits is offset by the effect of a reduced tax-burden. Employing an extended CGE version of the model, which is calibrated to the Norwegian economy, we consider five reform proposals. It turns out that the various reforms which scale down the public non-actuarial pension system, lead to increases in the retirement age and steady-state welfare gains for all income classes.
|Date of creation:||2000|
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- Bratberg, E. & Holmas, T.H. & Thogersen, O., 2000.
"Assessing the Effects of Early Retirement Programs,"
Norway; Department of Economics, University of Bergen
0900, Department of Economics, University of Bergen.
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- Brunner, Johann K., 1993. "Redistribution and the efficiency of the pay-as-you-go pension system," Discussion Papers, Series I 265, University of Konstanz, Department of Economics.
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- Brunner, Johann K., 1996.
"Transition from a pay-as-you-go to a fully funded pension system: The case of differing individuals and intragenerational fairness,"
Journal of Public Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 131-146, April.
- Brunner, Johann K., 1993. "Transition from a pay-as-you-go to a fully-funded pension system: The case of differing individuals and intragenerational fairness," Discussion Papers, Series I 266, University of Konstanz, Department of Economics.
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