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Liberalisierungspolitik: Eine Bestandsaufnahme von zweieinhalb Dekaden marktschaffender Politik in entwickelten Industrieländern

  • Höpner, Martin
  • Petring, Alexander
  • Seikel, Daniel
  • Werner, Benjamin
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    Liberalisierungspolitik bezeichnet die politisch herbeigeführte und politisch legitimierte Delegation von Allokations- und Distributionsentscheidungen an Märkte und zielt auf Durchsetzung der Prinzipien der Eigenverantwortung, der dezentralen Entscheidungsfindung und der Konkurrenz. Viele politökonomische Klassiker vertraten die Ansicht, dem Kapitalismus sei ein anhaltender Trend der Marktbeseitigung eigen, was den Eintritt in eine längere, mehrere Politikbereiche umfassende Phase politischer Marktschaffung unwahrscheinlich, wenn nicht gar unmöglich erscheinen ließ. Anhand von ländervergleichenden, zeitvarianten Indikatoren zu fünf Wirtschafts- und sozialpolitischen Sphären weisen wir in diesem Papier nach, dass die entwickelten Industriestaaten spätestens in den Achtzigerjahren in eine konvergente liberalisierungspolitische Phase eintraten, in der sie nicht nur parallele Liberalisierungspolitik betrieben, sondern sich hinsichtlich ihrer öffentlichen Interventionsniveaus auch spürbar ähnlicher wurden. Das zeigen wir anhand von Daten zu 21 OECD-Ländern im Zeitraum zwischen 1980 und 2005. Im Ergebnis unterscheiden wir zwei Dimensionen der Liberalisierungspolitik: regulatorische Liberalisierung und distributive Liberalisierung. Die empirischen Betrachtungen münden in eine Diskussion der empirischen, theoretischen und methodischen Implikationen von Konvergenz.

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    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in its series MPIfG Discussion Paper with number 09/7.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:mpifgd:097
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