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International Corporate Governance and Finance: Legal, Cultural and Political Explanations

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  • Hamadi Matoussi

    () (University of Manouba, Ariana, Tunisia)

  • Maha Khemakhem Jardak

Abstract

Corporate governance has drawn much attention with recent managerial misbehavior and corporate scandals. Various laws and reports around the world came up with propositions and regulation to restore confidence and reinforce investor protection. La Porta, Lopez, Shleifer and Vishny (LLSV 1998-2002) built up their theory on the protection of investors by the legal system. Roe’s political theory (2003) challenges the LLSV’s legal theory and provides another explanation for the differences between countries centered on the political variables. The cultural theory (Licht 2001) argues that cross country differences in corporate governance can be explained by differences between national cultures. The objective of this research is to examine the disparity and the determinants of the investor protection regulations around the world. More specifically, we try to explain this disparity by legal and cultural variables. We investigate empirically the disparity of the investor protection regulations measured by the index established by the World Bank across 81 emerging and developed countries in 2006. Our results confirm that combining classifications based on cultural dimensions, religion and on legal families can shed some light on the obscure part of the comparative analysis of corporate governance and investor protection.

Suggested Citation

  • Hamadi Matoussi & Maha Khemakhem Jardak, 2009. "International Corporate Governance and Finance: Legal, Cultural and Political Explanations," Working Papers 503, Economic Research Forum, revised Sep 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:503
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Radu Ciobanu & Mircea Bahna, 2015. "The Social, Cultural and Political Factors that Influence the Level of Mergers and Acquisitions," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 5(3), pages 33-41, July.
    2. Papanastasopoulos, Georgios & Thomakos, Dimitrios, 2017. "Managerial discretion, net operating assets and the cross-section of stock returns: Evidence from European countries," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 188-210.
    3. Xingqiang Du & Wei Jian & Shaojuan Lai & Yingjie Du & Hongmei Pei, 2015. "Does Religion Mitigate Earnings Management? Evidence from China," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 131(3), pages 699-749, October.
    4. Xingqiang Du, 2015. "Does Confucianism Reduce Minority Shareholder Expropriation? Evidence from China," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 132(4), pages 661-716, December.

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