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The effects of external shocks to business cycles in emerging Asia: A Bayesian VAR approach

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  • Utlaut, Johannes Friederich
  • van Roye, Björn

Abstract

In this paper we analyze the effects of external shocks on countries in Emerging Asia. For that purpose, we estimate a Bayesian Vector Auto-Regressive model (BVAR) with an informative prior on the steady state, including variables representing world economic activity, financial conditions, Chinese GDP and an aggregate GDP index of eight East Asian countries. We show that almost half of the forecast error variance of Emerging Asia's real GDP growth can be explained by external factors. We also conduct an estimation of a classical VAR using maximum likelihood estimation and a traditional BVAR. An out-of-sample forecast evaluation shows that the BVAR with an informative prior on the steady-state outperforms both, the classical VAR and the traditional BVAR. Finally, we simulate a double dip scenario for the world economy and a muted growth path of the Chinese economy using conditional forecasts and show that the economic outlook in Emerging Asia highly depends on the growth path of the world economy and remarkably little on business cycle fluctuations in China.

Suggested Citation

  • Utlaut, Johannes Friederich & van Roye, Björn, 2010. "The effects of external shocks to business cycles in emerging Asia: A Bayesian VAR approach," Kiel Working Papers 1668, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkwp:1668
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    Cited by:

    1. Dungey, Mardi & Vehbi, Tugrul & Martin, Charlton, 2014. "VAR modelling in the presence of China’s rise : an application to the Taiwanese economy," Working Papers 2014-09, University of Tasmania, Tasmanian School of Business and Economics.
    2. International Monetary Fund, 2017. "Philippines; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 17/335, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Oladunni, Sunday, 2019. "External Shocks and Business Cycle Fluctuations in Oil-exporting Small Open Economies: The Case of Nigeria," MPRA Paper 98639, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Tolga Dağlaroğlu & Baki Demirel & Syed F. Mahmud, 2018. "Monetary policy implications of short-term capital flows in Turkey," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 45(4), pages 747-763, November.
    5. Mohamed BELHEDI & Ines SLAMA & Amine LAHIANI, 2015. "Tranmission Of International Shocks To An Emerging Small Open-Economy: Evidence From Tunisia," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 42, pages 231-258.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bayesian Vector-Autoregression; Structural Vector-Autoregression; External Shocks; Emerging Markets;

    JEL classification:

    • F37 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Finance Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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