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Inter-country Distancing, Globalization and the Coronavirus Pandemic

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Listed:
  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.
  • Karabulut, Gokhan
  • Bilgin, Mehmet Huseyin
  • Doker, Asli Cansin

Abstract

Originating in China, the Coronavirus has reached the world at different speeds and levels of strength. This paper provides some initial understanding of some driving factors and their consequences. Since transmission requires people, the human factor behind globalization is essential. Globalization, a major force behind global wellbeing and equality, is highly associated with this factor. The analysis investigates the impact globalization has on the speed of initial transmission to a country and on the size of initial infections in the context of other driving factors. Our cross-country analysis finds that measures of globalization are positively related to the spread of the virus, both in speed and size. However, the study also finds that globalized countries are better equipped to keep fatality rates low. The conclusion is not to reduce globalization to avoid pandemics, but to better monitor the human factor at the outbreak and to mobilize collaboration forces to curtail diseases.

Suggested Citation

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F. & Karabulut, Gokhan & Bilgin, Mehmet Huseyin & Doker, Asli Cansin, 2020. "Inter-country Distancing, Globalization and the Coronavirus Pandemic," GLO Discussion Paper Series 508, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:508
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicholas W. Papageorge & Matthew V. Zahn & Michèle Belot & Eline Broek-Altenburg & Syngjoo Choi & Julian C. Jamison & Egon Tripodi, 2021. "Socio-demographic factors associated with self-protecting behavior during the Covid-19 pandemic," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(2), pages 691-738, April.
    2. Fabio Milani, 2020. "Covid-19 Outbreak, Social Response, and Early Economic Effects: A Global VAR Analysis of Cross-Country Interdependencies," CESifo Working Paper Series 8518, CESifo.
    3. Bilgin, Mehmet Huseyin & Doker, Asli Cansin & Karabulut, Gokhan & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2021. "Democracy and COVID-19 Outcomes," CEPR Discussion Papers 15722, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Jacob Assa & Cecilia Calderon, 2020. "Privatization and Pandemic: A Cross-Country Analysis of COVID-19 Rates and Health-Care Financing Structures," Working Papers 2008, New School for Social Research, Department of Economics.
    5. Domenico Depalo, 2021. "True COVID-19 mortality rates from administrative data," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(1), pages 253-274, January.
    6. Fabio Milani, 2021. "COVID-19 outbreak, social response, and early economic effects: a global VAR analysis of cross-country interdependencies," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(1), pages 223-252, January.
    7. Luca Bonacini & Giovanni Gallo & Sergio Scicchitano, 2021. "Working from home and income inequality: risks of a ‘new normal’ with COVID-19," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(1), pages 303-360, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Globalization; Coronavirus; COVID-19; Pandemic; Inter-country Distancing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
    • F69 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Other
    • I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other

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