IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zbw/eifwps/201956.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The real effects of EU loan guarantee schemes for SMEs: A pan-European assessment

Author

Listed:
  • Brault, Julien
  • Signore, Simone

Abstract

This paper provides a pan-European assessment of EU credit guarantees to SMEs. Synthesizing past research, it investigates the firm-level economic impact of over 360,000 guaranteed loans under the EU MAP and CIP programmes from 2002 to 2016. These loans represented a total amount of EUR 22bn spanning 19 European countries - approximately 60% of all loan amounts guaranteed under these programmes. The paper reports estimates of the average treatment effect on the treated of these loans on the financial growth and survivability of firms, through a comparison against SMEs that were not supported by these programmes. Guaranteed loans are found to positively affect the growth of firms' assets (by 7 to more than 35%), the share of intangible assets (by one third of the initial share in Italy and the Nordic countries), sales (by 6 to 35%), employment (by 8 to 30%), and lower their probability to default (by 4 to 5%). The paper decomposes these effects by size, age, industry, and discusses implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Brault, Julien & Signore, Simone, 2019. "The real effects of EU loan guarantee schemes for SMEs: A pan-European assessment," EIF Working Paper Series 2019/56, European Investment Fund (EIF).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:eifwps:201956
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/200212/1/1668119625.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bertoni, Fabio & Colombo, Massimo G. & Quas, Anita, 2018. "The effects of EU-funded guarantee instruments of the performance of small and medium enterprises: Evidence from France," EIF Working Paper Series 2018/52, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    2. Beck, Thorsten & Klapper, Leora F. & Mendoza, Juan Carlos, 2010. "The typology of partial credit guarantee funds around the world," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 10-25, April.
    3. James J. Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Petra E. Todd, 1997. "Matching As An Econometric Evaluation Estimator: Evidence from Evaluating a Job Training Programme," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(4), pages 605-654.
    4. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter & Gvetadze, Salome, 2015. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: December 2015," EIF Working Paper Series 2015/32, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    5. Ashenfelter, Orley C, 1978. "Estimating the Effect of Training Programs on Earnings," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 60(1), pages 47-57, February.
    6. Riding, Allan L. & HainesJR., George, 2001. "Loan guarantees: Costs of default and benefits to small firms," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 595-612, November.
    7. Berger, Allen N & Udell, Gregory F, 1992. "Some Evidence on the Empirical Significance of Credit Rationing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(5), pages 1047-1077, October.
    8. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Botsari, Antonia & Gvetadze, Salome & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter, 2018. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: December 2018," EIF Working Paper Series 2018/53, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    9. Joe Whittaker & Chris Whitehead & Mark Somers, 2005. "The neglog transformation and quantile regression for the analysis of a large credit scoring database," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series C, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 54(5), pages 863-878, November.
    10. Francesca Cassano & Karin Jõeveer & Jan Svejnar, 2013. "Cash flow vs. collateral-based credit," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 21(2), pages 269-300, April.
    11. Richard Blundell & Monica Costa Dias & Costas Meghir & John Van Reenen, 2004. "Evaluating the Employment Impact of a Mandatory Job Search Program," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 2(4), pages 569-606, June.
    12. Kremp, Elizabeth & Sevestre, Patrick, 2013. "Did the crisis induce credit rationing for French SMEs?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 3757-3772.
    13. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Lang, Frank & Gvetadze, Salome, 2014. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: June 2014," EIF Working Paper Series 2014/24, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    14. Anah� Briozzo & Clara Cardone-Riportella, 2016. "Spanish SMEs' Subsidized and Guaranteed Credit during Economic Crisis: A Regional Perspective," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(3), pages 496-512, March.
    15. Claire Lelarge & David Sraer & David Thesmar, 2010. "Entrepreneurship and Credit Constraints: Evidence from a French Loan Guarantee Program," NBER Chapters, in: International Differences in Entrepreneurship, pages 243-273, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. Pierfederico Asdrubali & Simone Signore, 2015. "The Economic Impact of EU Guarantees on Credit to SMEs Evidence from CESEE Countries," European Economy - Discussion Papers 2015 - 002, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    17. Bertoni, Fabio & Brault, Julien & Colombo, Massimo G. & Quas, Anita & Signore, Simone, 2019. "Econometric study on the impact of EU loan guarantee financial instruments on growth and jobs of SMEs," EIF Working Paper Series 2019/54, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    18. Meuleman, Miguel & De Maeseneire, Wouter, 2012. "Do R&D subsidies affect SMEs’ access to external financing?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 580-591.
    19. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    20. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Lang, Frank & Gvetadze, Salome, 2014. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: December 2014," EIF Working Paper Series 2014/26, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    21. J. David Brown & John S. Earle, 2017. "Finance and Growth at the Firm Level: Evidence from SBA Loans," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 72(3), pages 1039-1080, June.
    22. James Levinsohn & Amil Petrin, 2003. "Estimating Production Functions Using Inputs to Control for Unobservables," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(2), pages 317-341.
    23. Chatzouz, Moustafa & Gereben, Áron & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter, 2017. "Credit guarantee schemes for SME lending in Western Europe," EIB Working Papers 2017/02, European Investment Bank (EIB).
    24. Iacus, Stefano M. & King, Gary & Porro, Giuseppe, 2012. "Causal Inference without Balance Checking: Coarsened Exact Matching," Political Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(1), pages 1-24, January.
    25. Rodrigo Martín-García & Jorge Morán Santor, 0. "Public guarantees: a countercyclical instrument for SME growth. Evidence from the Spanish Region of Madrid," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-23.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Botsari, Antonia & Gvetadze, Salome & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter, 2019. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: June 2019," EIF Working Paper Series 2019/57, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    2. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Botsari, Antonia & Gvetadze, Salome & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter, 2019. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: December 2019," EIF Working Paper Series 2019/61, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    3. Harasztosi, Péter & Maurin, Laurent & Pál, Rozália & Revoltella, Debora & van der Wielen, Wouter, 2022. "Firm-level policy support during the crisis: So far, so good?," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 171(C), pages 30-48.
    4. Przemyslaw Pluskota, 2021. "Activity of Regional Microfinance Institutions in Terms of Regional Development," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(3), pages 590-614.
    5. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Botsari, Antonia & Gvetadze, Salome & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter, 2021. "European Small Business Finance Outlook 2021," EIF Working Paper Series 2021/75, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    6. Alessandro Barbera & Áron Gereben & Marcin Wolski, 2022. "Estimating conditional treatment effects of EIB lending to SMEs in Europe," BIS Working Papers 1006, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. DaEun Kim & Sungchan Yeom & Myeong Chul Ko, 2020. "The Interactive Effect of Government Financial Support and Firms’ Innovative Efforts on Company Growth: A Focus on Climate-Tech SMEs in Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(22), pages 1-12, November.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Botsari, Antonia & Gvetadze, Salome & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter, 2019. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: June 2019," EIF Working Paper Series 2019/57, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    2. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter & Gvetadze, Salome, 2016. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: December 2016," EIF Working Paper Series 2016/37, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    3. Amamou, Raschid & Gereben, Áron & Wolski, Marcin, 2020. "Making a difference: Assessing the impact of the EIB's funding to SMEs," EIB Working Papers 2020/04, European Investment Bank (EIB).
    4. Bertoni, Fabio & Brault, Julien & Colombo, Massimo G. & Quas, Anita & Signore, Simone, 2019. "Econometric study on the impact of EU loan guarantee financial instruments on growth and jobs of SMEs," EIF Working Paper Series 2019/54, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    5. Asdrubali, Pierfederico & Signore, Simone, 2015. "The Economic Impact of EU Guarantees on Credit to SMEs – Evidence from CESEE Countries," EIF Working Paper Series 2015/29, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    6. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Botsari, Antonia & Gvetadze, Salome & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter, 2019. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: December 2019," EIF Working Paper Series 2019/61, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    7. Harasztosi, Péter & Maurin, Laurent & Pál, Rozália & Revoltella, Debora & van der Wielen, Wouter, 2022. "Firm-level policy support during the crisis: So far, so good?," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 171(C), pages 30-48.
    8. Sasan Bakhtiari & Robert Breunig & Lisa Magnani & Jacquelyn Zhang, 2020. "Financial Constraints and Small and Medium Enterprises: A Review," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 96(315), pages 506-523, December.
    9. Rodrigo Martín-García & Jorge Morán Santor, 2021. "Public guarantees: a countercyclical instrument for SME growth. Evidence from the Spanish Region of Madrid," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 427-449, January.
    10. Kraemer-Eis, Helmut & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter & Gvetadze, Salome, 2016. "European Small Business Finance Outlook: June 2016," EIF Working Paper Series 2016/35, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    11. Lagazio, Corrado & Persico, Luca & Querci, Francesca, 2021. "Public guarantees to SME lending: Do broader eligibility criteria pay off?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    12. Bertoni, Fabio & Martí, Jose & Reverte, Carmelo, 2019. "The impact of government-supported participative loans on the growth of entrepreneurial ventures," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 371-384.
    13. Cowling, Marc & Ughetto, Elisa & Lee, Neil, 2018. "The innovation debt penalty: Cost of debt, loan default, and the effects of a public loan guarantee on high-tech firms," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 166-176.
    14. Chatzouz, Moustafa & Gereben, Áron & Lang, Frank & Torfs, Wouter, 2017. "Credit guarantee schemes for SME lending in Western Europe," EIB Working Papers 2017/02, European Investment Bank (EIB).
    15. Honohan, Patrick, 2010. "Partial credit guarantees: Principles and practice," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 1-9, April.
    16. Hyonok Kim & Yukihiro Yasuda, 2019. "Accounting information quality and guaranteed loans: evidence from Japanese SMEs," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 53(4), pages 1033-1050, December.
    17. Peter Hennecke & Doris Neuberger & Dirk Ulbricht, 2019. "The economic and fiscal benefits of guarantee banks in Germany," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 53(3), pages 771-794, October.
    18. Elisa Ughetto & Giuseppe Scellato & Marc Cowling, 2017. "Cost of capital and public loan guarantees to small firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 319-337, August.
    19. Guido de Blasio & Stefania De Mitri & Alessio D'Ignazio & Paolo Finaldi Russo & Lavina Stoppani, 2017. "Public guarantees on loans to SMEs: an RDD evaluation," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1111, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    20. Gereben, Áron & Rop, Anton & Petriček, Matic & Winkler, Adalbert, 2019. "The impact of international financial institutions on small and medium enterprises: The case of EIB lending in Central and Eastern Europe," EIB Working Papers 2019/09, European Investment Bank (EIB).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    EIF; credit guarantees; credit constraints; real effects; small and medium-sized enterprises;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:eifwps:201956. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/eifunlu.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/eifunlu.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.