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Freeze! Financial sanctions and bank responses

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  • Efing, Matthias
  • Goldbach, Stefan
  • Nitsch, Volker

Abstract

We study the effects of financial sanctions on cross-border credit supply. Using a differences-in-differences approach to analyze eleven sanctions episodes between 2002 and 2015, we find that banks located in Germany reduce their positions in countries with sanctioned entities by 38%. The average German branch or subsidiary located outside Germany does not adjust its positions after the imposition of sanctions. For affiliated banks located in countries with low financial standards, we even observe a relative increase in credit supply. These effects are stronger if sanctions are only imposed by EU member states and not by the entire UN.

Suggested Citation

  • Efing, Matthias & Goldbach, Stefan & Nitsch, Volker, 2018. "Freeze! Financial sanctions and bank responses," Discussion Papers 45/2018, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdps:452018
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tibor Besedeš & Stefan Goldbach & Volker Nitsch, 2017. "You’re banned! The effect of sanctions on German cross-border financial flows," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 32(90), pages 263-318.
    2. Asim Ijaz Khwaja & Atif Mian, 2008. "Tracing the Impact of Bank Liquidity Shocks: Evidence from an Emerging Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1413-1442, September.
    3. Ongena, Steven & Popov, Alexander & Udell, Gregory F., 2013. "“When the cat's away the mice will play”: Does regulation at home affect bank risk-taking abroad?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(3), pages 727-750.
    4. Jamal Ibrahim Haidar, 2017. "Sanctions and export deflection: evidence from Iran," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 32(90), pages 319-355.
    5. Gary Clyde Hufbauer & Jeffrey J. Schott & Kimberly Ann Elliott, 2009. "Economic Sanctions Reconsidered, 3rd Edition (paper)," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 4129, July.
    6. Tibor Besedeš & Stefan Goldbach & Volker Nitsch, 2018. "Cheap Talk? Financial Sanctions and Non-Financial Activity," CESifo Working Paper Series 7069, CESifo.
    7. Temesvary, Judit, 2014. "The determinants of U.S. banks’ international activities," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 233-247.
    8. Ralph De Haas & Neeltje Van Horen, 2013. "Running for the Exit? International Bank Lending During a Financial Crisis," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 26(1), pages 244-285.
    9. Gary Clyde Hufbauer & Jeffrey J. Schott & Kimberly Ann Elliott, 2007. "Economic Sanctions Reconsidered, 3rd edition (hardcover)," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 4075, January.
    10. repec:oup:rfinst:v:26:y::i:1:p:244-285 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Kaempfer, William H. & Lowenberg, Anton D., 2007. "The Political Economy of Economic Sanctions," Handbook of Defense Economics, in: Keith Hartley & Todd Sandler (ed.), Handbook of Defense Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 27, pages 867-911, Elsevier.
    12. Stefan Zeume, 2017. "Bribes and Firm Value," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 30(5), pages 1457-1489.
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    Cited by:

    1. Besedeš, Tibor & Goldbach, Stefan & Nitsch, Volker, 2022. "Smart or smash? The effect of financial sanctions on trade in goods and services," Discussion Papers 28/2022, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    2. Anirudh Shingal, 2023. "Sanctions and services trade: the neglected dimension," RSCAS Working Papers 2023/39, European University Institute.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial sanctions; law and finance; cross-border lending; international banking;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • K33 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - International Law

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