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The Effects of Heterogeneous Sanctions on Exporting Firms —Evidence from Denmark

Author

Listed:
  • Ina C. Jäkel
  • Søren Østervig
  • Erdal Yalcin

Abstract

Sanctions encompass a wide set of policy instruments restricting cross-border economic activities. In this paper, we study how different types of sanctions affect the export behaviour of firms to the targeted countries. We combine Danish register data, including information on firm-destination-specific exports, with information on sanctions imposed by Denmark from the Global Sanctions Database. Our data allow us to study firms’ export behaviour in 62 sanctioned countries, amounting to a total of 453 country-years with sanctions over the period 2000-2015. Methodologically, we apply a two-stage estimation strategy to properly account for multilateral resistance terms. We find that, on average, sanctions lead to a significant reduction in firms’ destination-specific exports and a significant increase in firms’ probability to exit the destination. Next, we study heterogeneity in the effects of sanctions across (i) sanction types and sanction packages, (ii) the objectives of sanctions, and (iii) countries subject to sanctions. Results confirm that the effects of sanctions on firms’ export behaviour vary considerably across these three dimensions.

Suggested Citation

  • Ina C. Jäkel & Søren Østervig & Erdal Yalcin, 2022. "The Effects of Heterogeneous Sanctions on Exporting Firms —Evidence from Denmark," CESifo Working Paper Series 10086, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_10086
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Besedeš, Tibor & Goldbach, Stefan & Nitsch, Volker, 2022. "Smart or smash? The effect of financial sanctions on trade in goods and services," Discussion Papers 28/2022, Deutsche Bundesbank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    sanctions; firm exports; trade margins;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F52 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - National Security; Economic Nationalism

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