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Explaining Gender Differences in Unemployment with Micro Data on Flows in Post-Communist Economies

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  • Jana Stefanov?? Lauerov??
  • Katherine Terrell

    ()

Abstract

Post-communist labor markets provide an interesting laboratory since unemployment rates grew from zero to double digits and gender differences began to vary greatly across these countries. We provide the first systematic analysis of the determinants of the gender unemployment gap in the Czech Republic using a method that decomposes unemployment rates into transition probabilities (flows) between labor market states, which we calculate using Labor Force Survey data. We extend the analysis to other post-communist economies by evaluating the flows available from existing studies with the decomposition framework. We further examine the flows in the Czech Republic by estimating gender-specific multinomial logit models to learn which factors (demographic, regional, cyclical) other than gender and marital status affect unemployment. We find that women???s lower probability of exiting unemployment for a job explains the lion???s share of the gender gap in the unemployment rates in the Czech Republic and the other post-communist countries for which studies exist. This is also the principal factor explaining married women???s higher unemployment rates compared to married men in the Czech Republic. On the other hand, single men and women???s rates are higher than married men and women???s because they are twice as likely to lose/leave a job for unemployment. We find that age and education are systematically important in explaining flows of both men and women in all these economies, as it is in the more developed industrial economies. The less educated are more likely to be laid off or quit and less likely to find a job. Whereas younger individuals are more likely to be laid off or quit, they are also more likely to find a job.

Suggested Citation

  • Jana Stefanov?? Lauerov?? & Katherine Terrell, 2002. "Explaining Gender Differences in Unemployment with Micro Data on Flows in Post-Communist Economies," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 506, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2002-506
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Elizabeth Brainerd, 2000. "Women in Transition: Changes in Gender Wage Differentials in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 54(1), pages 138-162, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Niels-Hugo Blunch & Victor Sulla, 2014. "World gone wrong: the financial crisis, labor market transitions and earnings in Serbia," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 187-226, August.
    2. Ana Carolina Ortega Masagué, 2006. "El diferencial entre las tasas de desempleo de hombres y mujeres en Argentina," Working Papers 2006-08, FEDEA.
    3. Tiongson, Erwin R. & Yemtsov, Ruslan, 2008. "Bosnia and Herzegovina 2001-2004 : enterprise restructuring, labor market transitions and poverty," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4479, The World Bank.
    4. Dimova, Ralitza & Gang, Ira N. & Landon-Lane, John, 2006. "Where to Work? The Role of the Household in Explaining Gender Differences in Labour Market Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 2476, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Fares, Jean & Tiongson, Erwin R., 2007. "Youth unemployment, labor market transitions, and scarring : evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2001-04," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4183, The World Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unemployment; Gender; Transition Probabilities; Flow Analysis; Post-communist economies; Czech Republic;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J48 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Particular Labor Markets; Public Policy
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General

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