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Job Growth in Early Transition: Comparing Two Paths

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  • Stepan Jurajda

    ()

  • Katherine Terrell

    ()

Abstract

Small start-up firms are the engine of job creation in early transition and yet little is known about the characteristics of this new sector. We seek to identify patterns of job growth in this sector in terms of niches left from central planning and ask about differences in job creation across two different transition economies: Estonia, which experienced rapid destruction of the pre-existing firms, and the Czech Republic, which reduced the old sector gradually. We find job growth within industries to be quantitatively more important than job growth due to across-industry reallocation. Furthermore, the industrial composition of startups is strikingly similar in the two countries. We offer convergence to "western" industry firm-size distributions as an explanation. We also find regularities in wage evolution across new and old firms, including small differences in job quality across the two transition paths.

Suggested Citation

  • Stepan Jurajda & Katherine Terrell, 2002. "Job Growth in Early Transition: Comparing Two Paths," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 503, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2002-503
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Job growth; job creation; job destruction; new sector; transition economies; Czech Republic; Estonia;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • P2 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies
    • P5 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor

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