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Green industrial policies : when and how

Author

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  • Hallegatte, Stephane
  • Fay, Marianne
  • Vogt-Schilb, Adrien

Abstract

Green industrial policies can be defined as industrial policies with an environmental goal -- or more precisely, as sector-targeted policies that affect the economic production structure with the aim of generating environmental benefits. This paper provides a framework to assess their desirability depending on the effectiveness and political acceptability of price instruments. The main messages are the following. (i) Greening growth processes to the extent and with the speed needed cannot be done without industrial policies, even if prices can be adjusted to reflect environmental objectives. (ii)"Sunrise"green industrial policies are needed because they support the development of critical new technologies and sectors, bring down costs, and allow for reduced emissions in the short term even in the absence of carbon pricing. (iii)"Sunset"green industrial policies and trade policies may be needed in conjunction with safety nets to make carbon pricing politically or socially acceptable. They can help mitigate the impact of a carbon price on competitiveness and unemployment and smooth the transition by helping industries adjust to the new conditions. (iv) Green or not, industrial policy requires carefully navigating the twin dangers of market and governance failure. The viability of supported technologies and sectors is difficult to assess through a market-test given their dependence on continued environmental policies or pricing -- such as a carbon price. Particular attention must be paid to avoid potential unintended negative effects, such as rebound effects (especially if prices are inappropriate), misallocation of capital, or capture and rent-seeking behaviors.

Suggested Citation

  • Hallegatte, Stephane & Fay, Marianne & Vogt-Schilb, Adrien, 2013. "Green industrial policies : when and how," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6677, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6677
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    Cited by:

    1. Vogt-Schilb, Adrien & Hallegatte, Stéphane, 2014. "Marginal abatement cost curves and the optimal timing of mitigation measures," Energy Policy, Elsevier, pages 645-653.
    2. Alex Bowen & Emanuele Campiglio & Sara Herreras Martinez, 2015. "The ‘optimal and equitable’ climate finance gap," GRI Working Papers 184, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    3. Marianne Fay & Stephane Hallegatte & Adrien Vogt-Schilb & Julie Rozenberg & Ulf Narloch & Tom Kerr, 2015. "Decarbonizing Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 21842.
    4. Campiglio, Emanuele, 2016. "Beyond carbon pricing: The role of banking and monetary policy in financing the transition to a low-carbon economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 220-230.
    5. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00916328 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Pegels, Anna & Lütkenhorst, Wilfried, 2014. "Is Germany׳s energy transition a case of successful green industrial policy? Contrasting wind and solar PV," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 522-534.
    7. Julie Rozenberg & Adrien Vogt-Schilb & Stephane Hallegatte, 2013. "Efficiency and Acceptability of Climate Policies: Race Against the Lock-ins," Review of Environment, Energy and Economics - Re3, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    8. Christoph Böhringer & Brita Bye & Taran Fæhn & Knut Einar Rosendahl, 2014. "Output-based rebating of carbon taxes in the neighbor's backyard. Competitiveness, leakage and welfare," Discussion Papers 783, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
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    11. Christoph Böhringer & Brita Bye & Taran Fæhn & Rosendahl Knut Einar, 2014. "Output-based rebating of carbon taxes in the neighbor’s backyard," Working Papers V-382-15, University of Oldenburg, Department of Economics, revised Jun 2014.
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    15. Adrien Vogt-Schilb & Stephane Hallegatte, 2017. "Climate Policies and Nationally Determined Contributions: Reconciling the Needed Ambition with the Political Economy," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 8319, Inter-American Development Bank.
    16. Christian Ketels, 2015. "Competitiveness and Clusters: Implications for a New European Growth Strategy," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 84, WWWforEurope.
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    Keywords

    Climate Change Economics; Transport Economics Policy&Planning; Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases; Economic Theory&Research; Labor Policies;

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