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Individual attitudes toward corruption: do social effects matter?

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  • Roberta Gatti
  • Stefano Paternostro
  • Jamele Rigolini

Abstract

Using individual-level data for 35 countries, the authors investigate the microeconomic determinants of attitudes toward corruption. They find women, employed, less wealthy, and older individuals to be more averse to corruption. The authors also provide evidence that social effects play an important role in determining individual attitudes toward corruption, as these are robustly and significantly associated with the average level of tolerance of corruption in the region. This finding lends empirical support to theoretical models where corruption emerges in multiple equilibria and suggests that"big-push"policies might be particularly effective in combating corruption.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberta Gatti & Stefano Paternostro & Jamele Rigolini, 2003. "Individual attitudes toward corruption: do social effects matter?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3122, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3122
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Bobkova, Nina & Egbert, Henrik, 2012. "Corruption investigated in the lab: a survey of the experimental literature," MPRA Paper 38163, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Ivlevs, Artjoms & Hinks, Timothy, 2018. "Former Communist party membership and bribery in the post-socialist countries," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 1411-1424.
    4. Kodila Tedika, Oasis, 2013. "Anatomy of corruption Democratic Republic of Congo [Anatomie de la Corruption en République Démocratique du Congo]," MPRA Paper 43463, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Abigail Barr & Danila Serra, 2006. "Culture and Corruption," Economics Series Working Papers GPRG-WPS-040, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    6. Oskar Kurer, 2005. "Corruption: An Alternative Approach to Its Definition and Measurement," Political Studies, Political Studies Association, vol. 53(1), pages 222-239, March.
    7. Nicolas Jacquemet, 2005. "La corruption comme une imbrication de contrats : Une revue de la littérature microéconomique," Working Papers 2005-29, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    8. Baul, Tushi, 2013. "Self-selection and peer-effects in experimental labor markets," ISU General Staff Papers 201301010800004327, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    9. Truex, Rory, 2011. "Corruption, Attitudes, and Education: Survey Evidence from Nepal," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 1133-1142, July.
    10. Gbewopo Attila, 2009. "Individual attitudes toward anti-corruption policies in Sub-Saharan Africa: Microeconometric evidence," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(3), pages 1933-1939.
    11. Li, Li & Lien, Donald & Wu, Yiping & Zhao, Yang, 2017. "Enforcement and Political Power in Anticorruption—Evidence from China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 133-147.
    12. Kodila Tedika, Oasis, 2012. "Empirical Survey on the Causes of the Corruption [Aperçu empirique sur les causes de la corruption]," MPRA Paper 41484, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Oscar Bayemi, 2018. "Corruption and Users inDouala-Cameroon Public Hospitals: An Evaluation of Determinants," Working Papers 344, African Economic Research Consortium, Research Department.
    14. Joseph G. ATTILA, 2008. "How do African populations perceive corruption: microeconomic evidence from Afrobarometer data in twelve countries," Working Papers 200811, CERDI.
    15. Graf Lambsdorff, Johann, 2010. "Who accepts bribery? Evidence from a global household survey," Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Volkswirtschaftliche Reihe V-61-10, University of Passau, Faculty of Business and Economics.
    16. Kouni, Mohamed, 2004. "المشهد الحضاري العربي: سؤال المؤسسة.. سؤال الإنسان.. في تحديد ملامح الابعاد السياسية و الاقتصادية [The Arab cultural scene… An Institutional and Human Question in Shaping the Political and Economic," MPRA Paper 28463, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Guerrero, Manuel Alejandro & Rodriguez-Oreggia, Eduardo, 2008. "On the individual decisions to commit corruption: A methodological complement," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 357-372, February.
    18. Abderraouf Mtiraoui, 2020. "Corruption between economic institutional aspect and social aspect through governance [La corruption entre l’aspect institutionnel économique et l’aspect social à travers la gouvernance]," Working Papers hal-02535463, HAL.

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