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Explaining the migration of stocks from exchanges in emerging economies to international centers

Author

Listed:
  • Claessens, Stijn
  • Klingebiel, Daniela
  • Schmukler, Sergio L.

Abstract

The authors study the determinants of the growing migration of stock market activity to international financial centers. They use a sample of 77 countries and document that higher economic growth and more macroeconomic stability help stock market development. Countries with higher income per capita, sounder macroeconomic policies, more efficient legal systems, better shareholder protection, and more open financial markets tend to have larger and more liquid stock markets. The authors show that these factors also drive the degree with which capital raising, listing, and trading have been migrating to international financial centers. As fundamentals improve and technology advances, this migration will likely increase and domestic stock market activity may become too little to support local markets. For many emerging economies, the best policy is to establish sound fundamentals but not necessarily the trading, or even listing of securities locally.

Suggested Citation

  • Claessens, Stijn & Klingebiel, Daniela & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2002. "Explaining the migration of stocks from exchanges in emerging economies to international centers," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2816, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2816
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Feroldi Valentina & Gaffeo Edoardo, 2014. "At the Core of the International Financial System," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 14(2), pages 1-26, April.
    2. International Monetary Fund, 2008. "Can Regional Cross-listings Accelerate Stock Market Development? Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," IMF Working Papers 08/281, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Martin, Philippe & Rey, Helene, 2004. "Financial super-markets: size matters for asset trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 335-361, December.
    4. Aggarwal, Reena & Dahiya, Sandeep & Klapper, Leora, 2005. "American Depositary Receipts (ADR) holdings of U.S. based emerging market funds," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3538, The World Bank.
    5. Claessens,Stijn & Klingebiel,Daniela M. H. & Schmukler,Sergio L., 2003. "Government bonds in domestic and foreign currency: the role of macroeconomic and institutional factors," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2986, The World Bank.
    6. Luigi Guiso & Tullio Jappelli & Mario Padula & Marco Pagano, 2004. "Financial market integration and economic growth in the EU," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 19(40), pages 523-577, October.
    7. Hanson, James A., 2003. "Banking in developing countries in the 1990s," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3168, The World Bank.
    8. Laixiang Sun & Damian Tobin, 2005. "International Listing as a Mechanism of Commitment to More Credible Corporate Governance Practices: the case of the Bank of China (Hong Kong)," Corporate Governance: An International Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 81-91, January.
    9. Jappelli, Tullio & Pagano, Marco, 2008. "Financial market integration under EMU," CFS Working Paper Series 2008/33, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    10. Halling, Michael & Pagano, Marco & Randl, Otto & Zechner, Josef, 2005. "Where is the Market? Evidence from Cross-Listings," CEPR Discussion Papers 4987, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2006. "What matters for financial development? Capital controls, institutions, and interactions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, pages 163-192.
    12. Bharat N. Anand & Alexander Galetovic, 2002. "Investment Banking and Security Market Development: Does Finance Follow Industry?," Documentos de Trabajo 121, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    13. Neringa Jarmalaite Pritchard, 2002. "The Relationship between Accounting Numbers and Returns in the Baltic Stock Markets," CERT Discussion Papers 0206, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
    14. Mishra, Anil & Daly, Kevin, 2006. "Multi-Country Empirical Investigation into International Financial Integration," MPRA Paper 50599, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Jens Köke & Michael Schröder, 2003. "The Prospects of Capital Markets in Central and Eastern Europe," Eastern European Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(4), pages 5-37, July.
    16. Ben Slimane, FATEN, 2007. "L'Evolution des Marchés Boursiers Européens: Enjeux et limites
      [European Stock Market Evolution]
      ," MPRA Paper 2607, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Mariassunta Giannetti & Luigi Guiso & Tullio Jappelli & Mario Padula & Marco Pagano, 2002. "Financial Market Integration, Corporate Financing and Economic Growth," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 179, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    18. Chisari, Omar O. & Ferro, Gustavo, 2009. "Gobierno Corporativo: los problemas, estado actual de la discusión y un ejercicio de medición para Argentina
      [Corporate Governance: the problems, the current stage of the discussion and a measureme
      ," MPRA Paper 15630, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    20. repec:wsi:jdexxx:v:10:y:2005:i:03:n:s1084946705000203 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Li, Yarui & Woodard, Joshua D. & Leatham, David J., 2013. "Causality among Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: A Directed Acyclic Graph Approach," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 45(04), November.
    22. Aggarwal, Reena & Dahiya, Sandeep & Klapper, Leora, 2007. "ADR holdings of US-based emerging market funds," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1649-1667, June.
    23. Dima Bogda & Pirtea Marilen & Murgea Aurora & Mura Petru Ovidiu, 2008. "Recent Changes On Romanian Capital Market’S Volatility In The Framework Of A Component Garch Model," Annales Universitatis Apulensis Series Oeconomica, Faculty of Sciences, "1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia, vol. 1(10), pages 1-25.
    24. Gianni De Nicolo & Mary G Zephirin & Philip F. Bartholomew & Jahanara Zaman, 2003. "Bank Consolidation, Internationalization, and Conglomeration; Trends and Implications for Financial Risk," IMF Working Papers 03/158, International Monetary Fund.
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    Keywords

    Banks&Banking Reform; Economic Theory&Research; Markets and Market Access; International Terrorism&Counterterrorism; Payment Systems&Infrastructure; Economic Theory&Research; Banks&Banking Reform; International Terrorism&Counterterrorism; Markets and Market Access; Access to Markets;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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