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Financial structure and economic development

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  • Ross Levine

Abstract

An important challenge to economists is to explain how financial contracts and institutions affect economic growth while simultaneously explaining how economic development elicits the creation and modification of an economy's financial structure. This paper addresses one side of this inherently two-sided issue. The paper shows how risk, transactions costs, and economies of scale in information gathering and resource coordination create incentives for the emergence of commonly observed financial institutions and contracts and how the resulting financial structure influences the steady state growth rate of per capita output. Policy can affect growth directly by altering investment incentives and indirectly by changing the incentives underlying the creation of financial structures.

Suggested Citation

  • Ross Levine, 1990. "Financial structure and economic development," International Finance Discussion Papers 381, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgif:381
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
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