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Community College Growth Opportunities: Untapped Potential in America's Heartland?

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Abstract

Over 1,100 two year public institutions have been established in the United States which enroll almost two-fifths of all students in post-secondary education. However, some parts of the country may not be adequately served by these educational institutions despite demand and supply indicators that indicate future growth potential in the sub-baccalaureate educational market. This paper examines the geographical, demographic, and economic characteristics of counties which host community colleges. It finds that community college access is uneven. A multiple regression analysis reveals several correlates with community college location and identifies counties where opportunities may exist to “seed†additional community colleges.

Suggested Citation

  • Terance J. Rephann, 2007. "Community College Growth Opportunities: Untapped Potential in America's Heartland?," Working Papers 2007-01, Center for Economic and Policy Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:vac:wpaper:wp07-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eliasson, Kent, 2006. "The Effects of Accessibility to University Education on Enrollment Decisions, Geographical Mobility, and Social Recruitment," Umeå Economic Studies 690, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
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    3. Thomas J. Kane & Cecilia Elena Rouse, 1999. "The Community College: Educating Students at the Margin between College and Work," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 63-84, Winter.
    4. Timothy J. Bartik, "undated". "Increasing the Economic Development Benefits of Higher Education in Michigan," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles tjb2005jwd, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    5. Marc Frenette, 2006. "Too Far to Go On? Distance to School and University Participation," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(1), pages 31-58.
    6. Mark Drabenstott & Nancy Novack & Stephan Weiler, 2004. "New governance for a new rural economy : reinventing public and private institutions : a conference summary," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q IV, pages 55-70.
    7. Moretti, Enrico, 2004. "Human capital externalities in cities," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics,in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 51, pages 2243-2291 Elsevier.
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    9. Kenneth W. Jackson & Scott Peecksen & Donsig Jang & Amang Sukasih, 2005. "Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Data Quality Study Methodology Report: Supplemental Tables," Mathematica Policy Research Reports ccebe36b17674d6ca704f8116, Mathematica Policy Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Terance J. Rephann, 2008. "Community Colleges and Local Economic Development," Working Papers 2008-02, Center for Economic and Policy Studies.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    community colleges; access; economic development;

    JEL classification:

    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions

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