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Malaria and Anemia among Children in sub-Saharan Africa: the Effect of Mosquito Net Distribution

Author

Listed:
  • Bénédicte H. Apouey

    () (Paris School of Economics)

  • Gabriel Picone

    () (Department of Economics, University of South Florida)

  • Joshua Wilde

    () (Department of Economics, University of South Florida)

  • Joseph Coleman

    () (Department of Economics, University of South Florida)

  • Robyn Kibler

    () (Department of Economics, University of South Florida)

Abstract

This article explores the impact of antimalarial campaigns, and in particular of the scale up in the distribution of mosquito nets, on anemia for children under 5 in sub-Saharan Africa. It uses individual-level data on more than 150,000 children and their families, combined with regionallevel data on malaria intensity before the antimalarial campaigns, for 16 countries between 2000 and 2014. Using a differences-in-differences estimation strategy, the paper tests whether the impact of the campaigns on anemia is larger in regions where the intensity of malaria was greater prior to the campaigns. The results indicate that the scale up has a negligible or small effect on moderate or severe anemia, whereas the other campaigns do not have any significant impact.

Suggested Citation

  • Bénédicte H. Apouey & Gabriel Picone & Joshua Wilde & Joseph Coleman & Robyn Kibler, 2016. "Malaria and Anemia among Children in sub-Saharan Africa: the Effect of Mosquito Net Distribution," Working Papers 0116, University of South Florida, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:usf:wpaper:0116
    as

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    File URL: http://economics.usf.edu/PDF/Anemia.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Thuilliez, Josselin & Sissoko, Mahamadou S. & Toure, Ousmane B. & Kamate, Paul & Berthélemy, Jean-Claude & Doumbo, Ogobara K., 2010. "Malaria and primary education in Mali: A longitudinal study in the village of Donéguébougou," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 324-334, July.
    2. Bénédicte Apouey & Gabriel Picone, 2014. "Social Interactions And Malaria Preventive Behaviors In Sub‐Saharan Africa," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(9), pages 994-1012, September.
    3. Bénédicte H. Apouey & Gabriel Picone, 2014. "Social Interactions and Malaria Preventive Behaviors in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers halshs-00940084, HAL.
    4. Alan I. Barreca, 2010. "The Long-Term Economic Impact of In Utero and Postnatal Exposure to Malaria," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 45(4), pages 865-892.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Anemia; Malaria; Bed Nets; Africa; Child Health;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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