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Engagement et incitations : comportements économiques sous serment

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  • Nicolas Jacquemet
  • Robert-Vincent Joule
  • Stéphane Luchini
  • Antoine Malézieux

Abstract

Sous l’impulsion, notamment, de l’essor de l’économie expérimentale, la littérature récente a mis en évidence un large éventail de situations dans lesquelles les incitations monétaires échouent à orienter les comportements dans le sens désiré. Ce constat conduit à rechercher des mécanismes institutionnels alternatifs, capables de se substituer aux incitations monétaires. Cet article propose une revue des travaux s’inspirant de la psychologie sociale de l’engagement qui nous éclaire sur les procédures non monétaires susceptibles d’affecter les comportements. Les travaux passés en revue, étudient une procédure d’engagement particulière : le serment à dire la vérité. Cette procédure, a été appliquée avec succès 1/ au problème du biais hypothétique dans la révélation des préférences pour les biens non-marchands, 2/ aux défauts de coordination, et 3/ à la propension à dire la vérité. Pris ensemble, ces travaux confirment la capacité de mécanismes d’engagement à guider l’élaboration d’institutions non-monétaires capables d’orienter efficacement les comportements économiques.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas Jacquemet & Robert-Vincent Joule & Stéphane Luchini & Antoine Malézieux, 2014. "Engagement et incitations : comportements économiques sous serment," Working Papers of BETA 2014-17, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2014-17
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    References listed on IDEAS

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