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COVID-19 and The Rise of Intimate Partner Violence

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  • Jorge M. Agüero

    (University of Connecticut)

Abstract

Stay-at-home policies have been implemented worldwide to reduce the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. However, there is a growing concern that such policies could increase violence against women. We find evidence in support of this critical concern. We focus on Peru, a country that imposed a strict nationwide lockdown starting in mid-March and where nearly 60% of women already experienced violence before COVID-19. Using administrative data on phone calls to the helpline for domestic violence (Línea 100), we find that the incidence rate of the calls increased by 48 percent between April and July 2020, with effects increasing over time. The rise in calls is found across all states and it is not driven by baseline characteristics, including previous prevalence of violence against women. These findings create the need to identify policies to mitigate the negative impact of stay-at-home orders on women’s safety.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge M. Agüero, 2020. "COVID-19 and The Rise of Intimate Partner Violence," Working papers 2020-05, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2020.
  • Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2020-05
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    Cited by:

    1. Valentina Rivera & Francisca Castro, 2021. "Between Social Protests and a Global Pandemic: Working Transitions under the Economic Effects of COVID-19," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 10(4), pages 1-21, April.
    2. Gulesci, Selim & Puente–Beccar, Manuela & Ubfal, Diego, 2021. "Can youth empowerment programs reduce violence against girls during the COVID-19 pandemic?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 153(C).
    3. Leona Plášilová & Martin Hůla & Lucie Krejčová & Kateřina Klapilová, 2021. "The COVID-19 Pandemic and Intimate Partner Violence against Women in the Czech Republic: Incidence and Associated Factors," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 18(19), pages 1-14, October.
    4. Berniell, Inés & Facchini, Gabriel, 2021. "COVID-19 lockdown and domestic violence: Evidence from internet-search behavior in 11 countries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 136(C).
    5. Hakan Yilmazkuday, 2021. "Unequal welfare costs of staying at home across socioeconomic and demographic groups," International Journal of Urban Sciences, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(3), pages 347-365, July.
    6. Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling & Grace E. Schroeder & Ryan A. Langhinrichsen-Rohling & Annelise Mennicke & Yu-Jay Harris & Sharon Sullivan & Glori Gray & Robert J. Cramer, 2022. "Couple Conflict and Intimate Partner Violence during the Early Lockdown of the Pandemic: The Good, the Bad, or Is It Just the Same in a North Carolina, Low-Resource Population?," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(5), pages 1-15, February.
    7. Kyriakos C. Neanidis & Maria Paola Rana, 2021. "Crime in the Era of COVID-19: Evidence from England," Economics Discussion Paper Series 2103, Economics, The University of Manchester.
    8. Edward Miguel & Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, 2021. "The Economics of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poor Countries," NBER Working Papers 29339, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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    Keywords

    Intimate partner violence; domestic violence; lockdowns; Peru; COVID-19;
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